Skip to main content

Table 6 Risk factors contribution to specific cancers

From: Proportion of cancer in a Middle eastern country attributable to established risk factors

Cancer site PAF (%) by risk factor
Males Females
Joint hazard of risk factors
Oropharyngeal Alcohol (34%) Alcohol (4%)  
Esophageal Smoking (43%) Alcohol (31%) Smoking (33%) Alcohol (6%) M(76%), F (37%)
Laryngeal Smoking (74%) Smoking (65%)  
Gastroesophageal Low activity (7%) Low activity (21%)  
EGCA BMI ≥25 (38%) BMI ≥25 (39%)  
Gastric Smoking (24%)
Low Med diet (7%), H.Pylori (50%)
Smoking (17%)
Low Med diet (6%), H.Pylori (50%)
M (81%), F (73%)
Lung Smoking (79%), Air pollution (13%) Smoking (72%), air pollution (13%) M (92%), F(85%)
Colorectal BMI ≥25 (41%), Low activity (17%), Low Med diet (2%), Alcohol (6%) BMI ≥25 (9%), Low activity (10%), Low Med diet (2%), Alcohol (0.2%) M (66%), F(21%)
Liver BMI ≥25 (24%), Alcohol (7%), Smoking (23%) BMI ≥25 (15%), Alcohol (3%), Smoking (16%) M (54%), F(34%)
Bladder Smoking (53%), Low activity (4%), Low Med Diet (4%) Smoking (40%), %), Low activity (7%), Low Med Diet (1%) M (61%), F(48%)
Pancreas BMI ≥25 (15%), Smoking (25%) BMI ≥25 (15%), Smoking (18%) M(40%), F(33%)
Renal Cell BMI ≥25 (20%) BMI ≥25 (29%)  
Breast   Low activity (6%) BMI ≥ 25 (5%), Alcohol (0.5%) F (12%)
Ovarian   BMI ≥25 (9%)  
Endometrial   BMI ≥25 (32%)  
Cervix   Smoking (21%) F(21%)