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Table 5 Percentage attributable risk factor, relative risk, and actual incidence rates, in Females

From: Proportion of cancer in a Middle eastern country attributable to established risk factors

Risk factor Percentage attributable risk factor PAF (%) in Females in 2008 Projected incident cases in Lebanon 2018 (rate per 100,000). Data from Shamseddine et al. Number of cases in 2018 resulting from risk factorsa
Tobacco smoking, former smokers and current smokers Esophagus: 33% 0.7 5
Larynx: 65% 2.0 30
Lung: 72% 14.3 237
Bladder: 40% 13.4 123
Gastric: 17% 7.7 30
Liver: 16% 6.6 24
Pancreas: 18% 2.3 10
Cervix: 21% 5.8 28
Body Mass Index (BMI), overweight and obese Colon: 6% 10.9 15
Rectum: 3% 5.9 4
Ovary: 9% 22.0 46
Liver: 15% 6.6 23
Renal cell: 29% N/A  
EGCA: 39% N/A  
Pancreas: 15% 2.3 8
Endometrium: 32% N/A  
Breast: 5% 137.0 158
Physical activity, Low activity Breast:6% 137.0 189
Gastroesophageal:21% N/A  
Bladder: 7% 13.4 22
Colorectal: 10% Colon 10.9, Rectal 5.9 39
Low adherence to Mediterranean diet Gastric: 6% 7.7 11
Colorectal: 2% Colon 10.9, Rectal 8
Bladder: 1% 5.9 3
  13.4  
Alcohol, heavy drinkers Oropharyngeal: 4% 2.8 3
Esophagus: 6% 0.7 1
Liver: 3% 6.6 5
Colorectal:1 = 0.2% Colon 10.9, Rectal 1
Breast:0.5% 5.9
137.0
16
H. Pylori infection Gastric: 50% 7.7 89
Air pollution (PM2.5 concentration above allowable levels) Lung: 13% 14.3 43
  1. N/A Data not available
  2. aassuming 4.5 million Lebanese nationals in 2018