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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the patients

From: A randomized controlled trial of physical activity, dietary habit, and distress management with the Leadership and Coaching for Health (LEACH) program for disease-free cancer survivors

Characteristic Control group Intervention group All participants P-value
(N = 72) (N = 134) (N = 206)
No. Coaching attendees   10.63 (6.29)   
 Age, years 51.04 (7.55) 50.52 (10.21) 50.68 (9.43)  
 Sex - no.(%)
  Male 18 (25.00) 24 (17.91) 42 (20.39) 0.229
  Female 54 (75.00) 110 (82.09) 164 (79.61)  
 Marital status- no.(%) (missing = 2)
  Married 63 (87.50) 106 (80.30) 169 (82.84) 0.193
  Widowed/Divorced/separated/single 9 (12.50) 26 (19.70) 35 (17.16)  
 Education - no.(%) (missing = 2)
  High-school graduate or less 39 (54.17) 66 (50.00) 105 (51.47) 0.569
  College graduate 33 (45.83) 66 (50.00) 99 (48.53)  
 Religion - no.(%) (missing = 4)
  No 16 (22.86) 47 (41.17) 64 (31.19) 0.063
  Yes 54 (77.14) 85 (64.39) 139 (68.81)  
 Household income –no.(%) (missing = 4)
   < 300million won 25 (34.72) 49 (37.69) 49 (47.62) 0.675
   ≥ 300million won 47 (65.28) 81 (82.38) 128 (63.37)  
 Cancer stage (missing = 7)
  0 2 (2.94) 3 (2.29) 5 (2.51) 0.476
  I 31 (45.59) 69 (52.67) 100 (52.67)  
  II 28 (41.19) 38 (29.01) 66 (33.17)  
  III 4 (5.88) 16 (12.21) 20 (10.05)  
  IV 1 (1.47) 1 (0.76) 2 (1.01)  
  Other (5,6) 2 (2.94) 4 (3.05) 6 (3.02)  
 Type of cancer
  Stomach 17 (23.94) 34 (25.76) 51 (25.12)  
  Lung 3 (2.80) 5 (5.20) 5 (3.79)  
  Breast 42 (59.15) 81 (79,98) 123 (60.59)  
  Colorectal 5 (7.04) 6 (4.55) 11 (5.42)  
  Gynecologic 4 (5.63) 5 (3.79) 9 (4.43)  
  Other 0 (0) 1 (0.76) 1 (0.49)  
 Type of treatment (missing = 10)
  Surgery 68 (98.55) 127 (100.00) 195 (99.49) 0.174
  Radiotherapy 39 (56.52) 61 (64.80) 100 (51.02) 0.256
  Chemotherapy 43 (62.32) 76 (59.84) 119 (60.71) 0.735
  Hormonal therapy 20 (50.0) 31 (40.26) 51 (43.59) 0.314
 Weight, kg (missing = 1) 56.31 (8.36) 57.53 (8.72) 57.10 (8.59) 0.330
 BMI (missing = 1) 21.70 (2.67) 22.23 (3.00) 22.05 (2.89) 0.213
 Hemoglobin (missing = 14) 13.05 (1.25) 13.06 (1.22) 13.05 (1.23) 0.955
 Total Cholesterol-mg/dl (missing = 21) 173.72 (28.62) 181.9 (34.60) 178.96 (11.44) 0.103
 Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg (missing = 87) 116.33–72.94 112.9–72.93 117.52–72.94 0.462/0.999
Baseline
 Vegetable intake 5 plates/day, no. (%)
  Yes 22 (30.56) 45 (33.58) 67 (32.52) 0.659
  No 50 (69.44) 89 (66.42) 139 (67.48)
 Total-MET 27.53 (19.82) 26.67 (27.50) 26.97 (25.04) 0.799
 Posttraumatic Growth Inventory     
  Relating to others 20.83 (6.17) 21.40 (6.64) 21.21 6.47) 0.568
  New possibilities 14.36 (5.10) 14.61 (4.70) 14.52 (4.83) 0.723
  Personal strength 11.28 (4.37) 11.90 (4.01) 11.68 (4.14) 0.308
  Spiritual change 5.07 (3.09) 4.72 (4.20) 4.84 (3.08) 0.444
  Appreciation for life 10.21 (3.18) 10.46 (2.92) 10.37 (3.01) 0.576
 Total 61.78 (18.91) 63.09 (18.51) 62.63 (18.61) 0.631
  1. Unless otherwise indicated, values = mean (SD)
  2. MET metabolic equivalent task, BMI body mass index