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Table 2 Pilot studies on novel techniques for pre-operative non-invasive detection of melanoma metastases in lymph nodes

From: Gamma probe and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology of the sentinel node (GULF) trial - overview of the literature, pilot and study protocol

Author, yr Topic No. of patients Technique Sens (%) Spec (%)
Hinz [72], 2013 Elastography 36 US + power Doppler: 81 76
Elastography: 91 76
Combined: 95 76
Ogata [35], 2014 Elastography 12 US: 77 57
Elastography: 100 71
Stoffels [37], 2015 MSOT and indocyanin green 20 MSOT 100 48.6
  1. Overview of pilot studies investigating non-invasive detection of melanoma lymph node metastases
  2. Abbreviations: yr. year, Sens sensitivity, Spec specificity, US ultrasound, MSOT multispectral optoacoustic tomography
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