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Table 2 The association between regular recreational physical activity and lifestyle characteristics by head and neck cancer status

From: Regular recreational physical activity and risk of head and neck cancer

  Case Control
Characteristics No regular recreational physical activity
N = 414
n (%)
Regular recreational physical activity
N = 209
n (%)
P No regular recreational physical activity
N = 397
n (%)
Regular recreational physical activity
N = 334
n (%)
P
Alcohol drinking
 Never + occasional 117 (28.3) 79 (37.8) 0.004 197 (49.6) 188 (56.3) 0.19
 Former regular 53 (12.8) 36 (17.2)   55 (13.9) 38 (11.4)  
 Current regular 244 (58.9) 94 (45.0)   145 (36.5) 108 (32.3)  
 Never 111 (26.8) 75 (35.9) 0.07 177 (44.6) 174 (52.1) 0.02
 1 drink or less per month 6 (1.4) 4 (1.9)   20 (5.0) 14 (4.2)  
 1-2 drinks per week 17 (4.1) 9 (4.3)   29 (7.3) 22 (6.6)  
 3-5 drinks per week 19 (4.6) 13 (6.2)   17 (4.3) 27 (8.1)  
 Daily drinkers 252 (60.9) 101 (48.3)   151 (38.0) 94 (28.1)  
 Unknown 9 (2.2) 7 (3.4)   3 (0.8) 3 (0.9)  
Betel quid chewing
 Never 93 (22.5) 86 (41.2) <0.0001 246 (61.9) 263 (78.7) <0.0001
 Former 158 (38.1) 77 (36.8)   86 (21.7) 55 (16.5)  
 Current 163 (39.4) 46 (22.0)   65 (16.4) 15 (4.5)  
 Unknown 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0) 1 (0.3)  
 Never 93 (22.5) 86 (41.2) <0.0001 246 (61.9) 263 (78.7) <0.0001
 0.1–9.9 pack-years 59 (14.3) 33 (15.8)   49 (12.3) 25 (7.5)  
 10.0–19.9 pack-years 49 (11.8) 26 (12.4)   28 (7.1) 16 (4.8)  
 20.0–29.9 pack-years 54 (13.0) 14 (6.7)   21 (5.3) 11 (3.3)  
 30.0 or more pack-years 147 (35.5) 46 (22.0)   51 (12.9) 18 (5.4)  
 Unknown 12 (2.9) 4 (1.9)   2 (0.5) 1 (0.3)  
 Pack-years (SE) 30.5 (2.1) 19.5 (2.3) 0.0004 10.8 (1.3) 5.3 (1.0) 0.0007
Cigarette smoking
 Never 43 (10.4) 46 (22.0) <0.0001 101 (25.4) 129 (38.6) <0.0001
 Former 65 (15.7) 52 (24.9)   60 (15.1) 86 (25.8)  
 Current 305 (73.7) 111 (53.1)   236 (59.5) 118 (35.3)  
 Unknown 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0) 1 (0.3)  
 Never 43 (10.4) 46 (22.0) 0.004 101 (25.4) 129 (38.6) 0.0004
 0.1–9.9 pack-years 18 (4.4) 9 (4.3)   29 (7.3) 32 (9.6)  
 10.0–19.9 pack-years 39 (9.4) 19 (9.1)   48 (12.1) 41 (12.3)  
 20.0–29.9 pack-years 72 (17.4) 37 (17.7)   54 (13.6) 36 (10.8)  
 30.0 or more pack-years 234 (56.5) 98 (46.9)   162 (40.8) 94 (28.1)  
 Unknown 8 (1.9) 0 (0.0)   3 (0.8) 2 (0.6)  
 Pack-years (SE) 37.8 (1.3) 32.0 (2.1) 0.02 27.5 (1.4) 19.4 (1.4) <0.0001
Vegetable intake
 Non-daily 95 (22.9) 18 (8.6) <0.0001 44 (11.1) 15 (4.5) 0.001
 Daily 317 (76.6) 191 (91.4)   353 (88.9) 319 (95.5)  
 Unknown 2 (0.5) 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Fruit intake
 Non-daily 328 (79.2) 106 (50.7) <0.0001 229 (57.7) 105 (31.4) <0.0001
 Daily 83 (20.1) 103 (49.3)   167 (42.1) 229 (68.6)  
 Unknown 3 (0.7) 0 (0.0)   1 (0.2) 0 (0.0)  
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