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Table 2 Type of surgery and complications according to treatment groups

From: Preoperative conventional chemoradiotherapy versus short-course radiotherapy with delayed surgery for rectal cancer: results of a randomized controlled trial

Variable RT (%)
n = 68
CRT (%)
n = 72
P
Radical surgery 57 (83.8) 64 (88.9) 0.382
Non-radical 11 (16.2) 8 (11.1)  
 Postive distal margin (R+) 2 0  
 Positive circumferential margin (CRM ≤1 mm) 8 8  
 Positive both margins (R and CRM) 1 0  
Postoperative hospital stay (days) 10.06 (SD = 6.9) 9.15 (SD = 3.7) 0.355
Sphincter saving surgery 47 (69.1) 52 (72.2) 0.687
Permanent stoma 27 (39.7) 25 (34.7) 0.542
Defunctioning stoma 41 (60.3) 47 (65.3)  
Anterior resection with anastomosis 35 (51.5) 40 (55.6) 0.959
Proctectomy with coloanal anastomosis 6 (8.8) 7 (9.7)  
Hartman‘s procedure 6 (8.8) 5 (6.9)  
Abdominoperineal resection 21 (30.9) 20 (27.8)  
Complications 24 (35.3) 19 (26.8) 0.277
 Anastomotic 4 (5.8) 5 (6.9)  
 Wound 7 (10.2) 6 (8.3)  
 Stoma 4 (5.8) 1 (1.4)  
 Intrasurgical 2 (3.3) 3 (4.3)  
 Other 7 (10.2) 4 (5.9)  
Reoperations 1 (1.5) 4 (5.6) 0.235