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Fig. 2 | BMC Cancer

Fig. 2

From: Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with hepatic vein tumor thrombosis and renal dysfunction after hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy effectively treated by liver resection with active veno-venous bypass: report of a case

Fig. 2

The maneuver during tumor thrombectomy and patch graft venoplasty. a Since the HVTT rigidly adhered to the wall of the root of the RHV (arrows), the root of the RHV was resected with the peripheral wall of the IVC. b As the HVTT had progressed to the cranial side and adhered to the wall of the IVC (arrows), the wall of the IVC at the cranial side of the root of the RHV was resected. c The surgical defect in the wall of the IVC measured 4.5 cm × 3.0 cm. d After the root of the RHV was resected with the peripheral wall of the IVC, patch graft venoplasty using proven bovine pericardial tissue (circle) was carried out for IVC reconstruction

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