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Table 2 Descriptives for study measures by study arm at baseline and follow-up assessments

From: Nurse-led group consultation intervention reduces depressive symptoms in men with localised prostate cancer: a cluster randomised controlled trial

  Assessment   
  Baseline/before radiotherapy End of radiotherapy 6 months post-radiotherapy
Outcome by study arm M SD M SD M SD
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
 Anxiety
  Usual care 4.5 (3.5) 3.8 (3.2) 3.9 (3.3)
  Intervention 4.4 (3.5) 3.4 (3.1) 3.8 (3.8)
 Depression
  Usual care 2.6 (2.8) 3.1 (2.9) 3.0 (3.2)
  Intervention 2.8 (2.9) 2.6 (2.4) 2.9 (2.9)
 Distress Thermometer
  Usual care 2.0 (2.2) 2.1 (2.3) 1.7 (2.1)
  Intervention 1.9 (2.3) 1.7 (2.3) 1.5 (2.3)
Expanded Prostate cancer Index Composite
 Bowel
  Usual care 92.9 (12.4) 77.6 (20.1) 86.5 (16.8)
  Intervention 93.5 (12.7) 80.6 (18.2) 87.6 (14.7)
 Urinary
  Usual care 84.5 (16.1) 73.6 (17.9) 83.5 (16.8)
  Intervention 85.2 (14.9) 76.0 (17.5) 83.0 (16.0)
 Sexual
  Usual care 31.8 (28.7) 26.2 (25.4) 27.2 (26.7)
  Intervention 27.0 (25.8) 23.8 (23.1) 25.0 (24.6)
 Hormonal
  Usual care 84.3 (18.3) 82.5 (17.3) 83.4 (18.6)
  Intervention 82.9 (19.1) 83.1 (18.5) 84.4 (19.8)
Supportive Care Needs Survey
 Psychological
  Usual care 23.9 (21.4) 19.6 (21.2) 15.6 (21.0)
  Intervention 22.7 (21.4) 18.4 (20.4) 14.7 (20.0)
 Health system & information
  Usual care 28.4 (30.2) 21.4 (24.2) 17.0 (23.7)
  Intervention 27.1 (29.4) 19.3 (25.6) 13.2 (21.1)
 Patient care & support
  Usual care 12.1 (18.2) 12.2 (18.6) 8.3 (16.0)
  Intervention 11.1 (17.9) 9.9 (16.1) 9.0 (19.2)
 Physical & daily living
  Usual care 13.7 (22.1) 19.6 (21.2) 15.6 (21.0)
  Intervention 11.5 (18.1) 18.4 (20.4) 14.7 (20.0)
 Sexual
  Usual care 26.5 (29.4) 22.9 (28.3) 27.2 (30.8)
  Intervention 27.2 (29.6) 22.4 (27.7) 26.1 (28.3)
Cancer Treatment Survey
 Procedural
  Usual care 2.7 (1.0) 1.9 (.9)   
  Intervention 2.7 (1.1) 1.8 (.9)   
 Sensory/psychological
  Usual care 2.3 (.9) 1.7 (.7)   
  Intervention 2.3 (.9) 1.6 (.8)   
  1. For the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, higher scores reflect higher levels of anxious and depressive symptomatology. For the Distress Thermometer, higher scores reflect higher levels of distress. For the Expanded Prostate cancer Index Composite-26, higher scores reflect higher quality of life/better functioning/lower bother. For the Supportive Care Needs Survey (Short Form with Revised response scale), higher scores reflect higher levels of unmet need. For the Cancer Treatment Scale, higher scores reflect higher levels of cancer treatment-related concerns