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Table 1 Summary of reports of radiographic images of “paving” patterns and pathology results

From: Pulmonary melanoma and “crazy paving” patterns in chest images: a case report and literature review

Diseases Case no. (pct.a) References
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis 203(44.42 %)  
 Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis 24 Luo, J., et al. (2014) [16]
  35 Mehrian, P., et al. (2014) [9]
  14 Souza, C. A., et al. (2012) [17]
  15 Ishii, H., et al. (2009) [18]
  8 Choi, H. K., et al. (2010) [19]
  6 Spira, D., et al. (2013) [20]
  6 Cai, X., et al. (2005) [21]
  5 Coulier, B., et al. (1999) [22]
  5 Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
  3 Ishii, H., et al. (2009) [18]
  3 Mu, X. D., et al. (2008) [23]
  3 Akin, M. R. and G. K. Nguyen (2004) [24]
  2 Oh, S. J., et al. (2014) [25]
  2 Luo, J., et al. (2013) [26]
  1 Choi, Y. R., et al. (2015) [27]
  1 Oda, N., et al. (2015) [28]
  1 Kinehara, Y., et al. (2014) [29]
  1 Albores, J., et al. (2013) [30]
  1 Moisan, M., et al. (2013) [31]
  1 Langwieler, S., et al. (2012) [32]
  1 Jayaraman, S., et al. (2010) [33]
  1 Maimon, N. and D. Heimer (2010) [34]
  1 Ueda, Y., et al. (2009) [35]
  1 McDermott, H., et al. (2009) [36]
  1 Matsunaga, K., et al. (2008) [37]
  1 Sugimoto, C., et al. (2006) [38]
  1 De Arriba, C., et al. (2006) [39]
  1 Collard, B., et al. (2002) [40]
  1 Yokomura, K., et al. (2002) [41]
  1 Murayama, S., et al. (1999) [15]
 Pediatric PAP 32 Enaud, L., et al. (2014) [42]
  22 Berteloot, L., et al. (2014) [43]
 Children PAP 1 El-Dawlatly, A., et al. (2011) [44]
  1 Zontsich, T., et al. (1998) [45]
Exogenous lipoid pneumonia 35(7.66 %)  
  11 Marchiori, E., et al. (2010) [46]
  6 Choi, H. K., et al. (2010) [19]
  6 Lee, J. Y., et al. (1999) [47]
  5 Laurent, F., et al. (1999) [48]
  3 Zanetti, G., et al. (2007) [49]
  1 Nakashima, S., et al. (2015) [50]
  1 Schoofs, C., et al. (2010) [51]
  1 Sias, S. M., et al. (2009) [52]
  1 Meltzer, E., et al. (2006) [53]
Virus pneumonia 85(18.60 %)  
 Influenza virus pneumonia 11 Kloth, C., et al. (2015) [54]
  8 Ono, A., et al. (2014) [55]
 Influenza A (H1N1) pneumonia 11 Amorim, V. B., et al. (2013) [56]
  4 Henzler, T., et al. (2010) [57]
  1 Marchiori, E., et al. (2011) [58]
  1 Chandler, T. M., et al. (2010) [59]
 Cytomegalovirus pneumonia 17 Kloth, C., et al. (2015) [54]
 SARS-Coronovirus pneumonia 28 Wong, C. K., et al. (2012) [60]
 Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome 1 Goncalves, F. G., et al. (2010) [61]
 Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 related pneumonia 3 Yamashiro, T., et al. (2012) [62]
Bacterial pneumonia 28(6.13 %)  
 Bacterial pneumonia 7 Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
 P. aeruginosa pneumonia 13 Kloth, C., et al. (2015) [54]
 Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia 7 Ono, A., et al. (2014) [55]
  1 Ngo, M. H., et al. (2003) [63]
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis 12(2.63 %)  
  9 Francisco, F. A., et al. (2015) [64]
  1 McDermott, H., et al. (2009) [36]
  1 Roca Vanaclocha, Y., et al. (2008) [65]
  1 Gasparetto, E. L., et al. (2004) [66]
Pulmonary nocardiosis 5(1.09 %) Tsujimoto, N., et al. (2012) [67]
Granulomatous mycosis fungoides 1(0.22 %) Sverzellati, N., et al. (2006) [68]
Tuberculosis 1(0.22 %) Huang, H. and P. X. Lu (2013) [69]
  1(0.22 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
Mycoplasma pneumonia 2(0.44 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
P carinii-induced pneumonia 4(0.88 %) Murayama, S., et al. (1999) [15]
  1(0.22 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
Pulmonary Leptospirosis 3(0.66 %) von Ranke, F. M., et al. (2015) [70]
  1(0.22 %) Marchiori, E., et al. (2008) [71]
Obstructive pneumonitis 1(0.22 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
ARDS 8(1.75 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
1(0.22 %) Murayama, S., et al. (1999) [15]
Pulmonary hemorrhage 3(0.66 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
  1(0.22 %) Murayama, S., et al. (1999) [15]
Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia 2(0.44 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis 1(0.22 %) Scordino, D. and L. Regan (2014) [72]
Interstitial pneumonia 1(0.22 %) Chen, G. L., et al. (2014) [73]
Usual interstitial pneumonia 2(0.44 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
1(0.22 %) Murayama, S., et al. (1999) [15]
Non-specific interstitial pneumonia 1(0.22 %) Coche, E., et al. (2001) [74]
Acute interstitial pneumonia 5(1.09 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
Organizing pneumonia 1(0.22 %) Utrilla Contreras, C., et al. (2014) [75]
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia 1(0.22 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
Systemic lupus erythematosus 1(0.22 %) Hisada, T., et al. (2006) [76]
Nonclassifiable interstitial pneumonia 4(0.88 %) Song, I., et al. (2012) [77]
Malignant melanoma metastasis 1(0.22 %) Kalchiem-Dekel, O., et al. (2015) [7]
Peripheral T-cell lymphoma 1(0.22 %) Fraser, T. and A. Nagarur (2015) [78]
Adult T-cell leukemia or lymphoma 4(0.88 %) Okada, F., et al. (2004) [79]
AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma 1(0.22 %) Matsunaga, K., et al. (2008) [37]
Pulmonary lymphedema 1(0.22 %) Ohnishi, H., et al. (2014) [80]
Cardiogenic pulmonary edema 2(0.44 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
  1(0.22 %) Senturk, A., et al. (2013) [81]
  1(0.22 %) Maimon, N., et al. (2006) [82]
Niemann-Pick disease 1(0.22 %) Castanon Martinez, R., et al. (2012) [83]
Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome after bone marrow transplantation 1(0.22 %) Gasparetto, T. D., et al. (2008) [84]
Barium aspiration 1(0.22 %) Akata, S., et al. (2007) [85]
Bronchioloalveolar cell carcinoma 2(0.44 %) Que, C. L., et al. (2006) [86]
  1(0.22 %) Kunimasa, K., et al. (2015) [87]
  1(0.22 %) Rossi, S. E., et al. (2003) [8]
Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema 1(0.22 %) Takeshita, T., et al. (2005) [88]
Squalene aspiration pneumonia 8(1.75 %) Lee, K. H., et al. (2005) [89]
Thoracic lymphangiectasis 1(0.22 %) Orliaguet, O., et al. (2002) [90]
Near drowning 3(0.66 %) Kim, K. I., et al. (2000) [91]
Radiation pneumonitis 3(0.66 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
  1(0.22 %) Murayama, S., et al. (1999) [15]
Drug-induced pneumonitis 3(0.66 %) Johkoh, T., et al. (1999) [14]
  1(0.22 %) Murayama, S., et al. (1999) [15]
Total 457  
  1. aPercentage of reported cases among all cases reviewed above