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Table 3 Univariate analyses and adjusted proportional hazard regression analyses of PTGI and HADS

From: Prognostic value of quality of life score in disease-free survivors of surgically-treated lung cancer

Variable   No. of deaths/No. of participants Crude HR 95 % CI aHRa 95 % CI
PTGI         
 Relation to others ≥23 35/332 1    1   
<23 61/477 1.24 0.82 1.88 1.26 0.83 1.92
 New possibilities ≥18 13/177 1    1   
<18 77/578 1.88 1.04 3.38 1.73 0.94 3.18
 Personal strength ≥15 14/237 1    1   
<15 82/572 2.56 1.45 4.5 2.43 1.35 4.38
 Spiritual change ≥5 40/407 1    1   
<5 56/402 1.45 0.97 2.18 1.34 0.89 2.02
 Appreciation of life ≥11 33/361 1    1   
<11 63/448 1.59 1.04 2.42 1.47 0.96 2.25
Total ≥71 23/279 1    1   
<71 73/526 1.75 1.1 2.8 1.67 1.03 2.69
HADS         
 Anxiety <8 59/634 1    1   
≥8 36/170 2.41 1.6 3.65 2.55 1.68 3.87
 Depression <8 45/490 1    1   
≥8 51/313 1.83 1.23 2.74 1.73 1.16 2.6
  1. Abbreviations: HR hazard ratio, aHR adjusted hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, PTGI posttraumatic growth inventory, HADS hospital anxiety and depression scale
  2. aMultiple proportional hazard regression analysis adjusted with age, sex, education, income, employment status, stage, comorbidity, BMI, alcohol drinking, current smoking, MET, treatment type, years from survey date to diagnosis date