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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models evaluating risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Southwestern Uganda

From: Population attributable fraction of Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma due to smoking and alcohol in Uganda

Characteristic Univariate Model OR (95 % CI) p-value Multivariate Model Adjusted OR (95 % CI) p-value
Female gender REF   REF  
Male gender 3.33 (1.69 – 6.55) 0.0001 3.65 (1.67 – 7.98) 0.001
Age category     
 31 – 40 REF   REF  
 41 – 50 9.84 (2.09 – 46.21) 0.004 12.95 (2.57 – 65.10) 0.002
 51 – 60 7.25 (1.53 – 34.28) 0.012 6.50 (1.32 – 31.90) 0.021
 61 – 70 8.59 (1.80 – 40.92) 0.007 7.26 (1.45 – 36.41) 0.016
 > 70 7.25 (1.46 – 36.10) 0.016 5.23 (0.99 – 27.69) 0.052
Substance usea     
 Never smoke and alcohol REF   REF  
 Smoking 2.93 (1.43 – 5.71) 0.003 1.38 (0.41 – 4.67) 0.600
 Alcohol 1.46 (0.76 – 2.82) 0.255 0.91 (0.32 – 2.64) 0.864
 Alcohol & smoking 3.49 (1.46 – 8.34) 0.005 1.93 (0.32 – 11.42) 0.471
Rapid urease test positivity 0.23 (0.05 – 0.97) 0.046 - -
HIV infection 3.68 (0.49 – 27.64) 0.205 - -
  1. Substance usea: self-reported current or former use