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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of the 307 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (Additional files 1 and 2)

From: Optimal staging system for predicting the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in China: a retrospective study

Characteristic  
Age, years  
 Mean ± SD 55.43 ± 10.69
 Range 11–84
Sex, %  
 Male 252 (82.1)
 Female 55 (17.9)
ECOG PS, %  
 0 100 (32.6)
 1 146 (47.6)
 2 44 (14.3)
 3 16 (5.2)
 4 1 (0.3)
Etiology, %  
 HBV 239 (77.8)
 HCV 7 (2.3)
 HBV + HCV 2 (0.7)
 Alcoholism 5 (1.6)
 Other 54 (17.6)
Child-Pugh Grade, %  
 A 239 (77.9)
 B 56 (18.2)
 C 12 (3.9)
Child-Pugh Score, %  
 5 176 (57.4)
 6 63 (20.5)
 7 36 (11.7)
 8 9 (2.9)
 9 11 (3.6)
 10 9 (2.9)
 11 3 (1.0)
Hepatic encephalopathy, %  
 No 307 (100.0)
 Yes 0 (0)
Ascites, %  
 No 219 (71.4)
 Little 56 (18.2)
 Middle 24 (7.8)
 Large 8 (2.6)
Portal hypertension, %  
 No 245 (79.8)
 Yes 62 (20.2)
Cirrhosis, %  
 No 97 (31.6)
 Yes 210 (68.4)
Laboratory values, mean ± SD  
 Total bilirubin (μmol/l) 24.55 ± 50.93
 Albumin (g/l) 38.53 ± 5.78
 Prothrombin time (sec) 0.19 ± 0.80
 AFP (ng/ml), %  
   < 400 211 (68.7)
   ≥ 400 96 (31.3)
Tumor characteristics  
 Tumor size (mean ± SD, cm) 6.18 ± 4.04
 Number of lesions, %  
  1 200 (65.2)
  2–3 29 (9.4)
   ≥ 4 78 (25.4)
 Lobar involvement, %  
  Unilobar 164 (53.4)
   ≥ bilobar 143 (46.6)
 Tumor morphology, %  
  Uninodular 147 (47.9)
  Multinodular 77 (25.1)
  Massive, diffuse 83 (27.0)
 Vascular and/or organ invasion, %  
  No 235 (76.6)
  Portal/hepatic vein 52 (16.9)
  Other vascular 9 (2.9)
  Organ invasion 11 (3.6)
 N, %  
  No 252 (82.1)
  Yes 55 (17.9)
 M, %  
  No 278 (90.6)
  Yes 29 (9.4)
 Tumor thrombosis, %  
  None 247 (80.4)
  Portal stem vein 26 (8.5)
  Inferior vena cava 6 (1.9)
  Hepatic vein branches 2 (0.7)
  Portal vein branches 16 (5.2)
  Vessel 3 (1.0)
  Hepatic duct 2 (0.7)
  Inferior vena cava branches and Portal vein branches and/or Hepatic vein branches 5 (1.6)
Current outcomes, %  
 Dead 120 (39.1)
 Alive 187 (60.9)
OS, mean ± SD, months 12.08 ± 11.87