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Table 3 Response of participants to statements on curability of breast cancer

From: Breast cancer literacy among higher secondary students: results from a cross-sectional study in Western Nepal

Statement Response Total (n = 516) Male (n = 233) Female (n = 283) p-valuec
For many women, breast cancer can now be successfully treated without breast removal (mastectomy).a Yes 201 (39.0) 97 (41.6) 104 (36.7) 0.035*
No 94 (18.2) 50 (21.5) 44 (15.5)
Don’t know 221 (42.8) 86 (36.9) 135 (47.8)
By the time a cancerous breast lump is painful, it is too late to be successfully treated.b Yes 249 (48.3) 122 (52.4) 127 (44.9) 0.142
No 66 (12.8) 31 (13.3) 35 (12.4)
Don’t know 201 (38.9) 80 (34.3) 121 (42.7)
If all lymph glands around the breast and under the arm are not removed, breast cancer cannot be cured.b Yes 109 (21.1) 59 (25.3) 50 (17.7) 0.098
No 76 (14.7) 31 (13.3) 45 (15.9)
Don’t know 331 (64.2) 143 (61.4) 188 (66.4)
Breast cancer is sometimes treated successfully by removal of the lump (lumpectomy) and radiation therapy.a Yes 221 (42.8) 89 (38.2) 132 (46.6) 0.100
No 57 (11.0) 31 (13.3) 26 (9.2)
Don’t know 238 (46.2) 113 (48.5) 125 (44.2)
Breast cancer is less likely to be cured in women with a family history of breast cancer than in women with no family history of breast cancer.b Yes 151 (29.3) 78 (33.5) 73 (25.8) 0.155
No 124 (24.0) 54 (23.2) 70 (24.7)
Don’t know 241 (46.7) 101 (43.3) 140 (49.5)
By the time a woman can feel a cancerous breast lump, it is too late to treat it effectively.b Yes 237 (45.9) 113 (48.5) 124 (43.8) 0.132
No 87 (16.9) 44 (18.9) 43 (15.2)
Don’t know 192 (37.2) 76 (32.6) 116 (41.0)
Even if breast cancer is caught very early, the chances for cure are much better if the whole breast is removed.b Yes 204 (39.5) 97 (41.6) 107 (37.8) 0.053
No 96 (18.6) 51 (21.9) 45 (15.9)
Don’t know 216 (41.9) 85 (36.5) 131 (46.3)
Even if detected and treated early, a woman with breast cancer is unlikely to live a normal life span.b Yes 185 (35.9) 73 (31.3) 112 (39.6) 0.118
No 203 (39.3) 95 (40.8) 108 (38.2)
Don’t know 128 (24.8) 65 (27.9) 63 (22.2)
  1. Data are frequency (percentage)
  2. aStatement is true
  3. bStatement is false
  4. cp-value derived from the chi-square test of association
  5. *p <0.05