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Table 7 Baseline characteristics of 40 low-risk countries/regions, 1998–2002

From: Milk consumption in relation to incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in 48 countries/regions

Low-risk regions ASIRM ASIRF MEBC MWF CHF BGF CRF
Egypt 0.98 0.31 60.99 14.14 6.82 2.18 -
Uganda 1.97 1.30 22.68 21.44 - - -
Zimbabwe 0.63 0.32 36.22 27.18 0.30 0.24 0.10
Argentina 0.36 0.14 229.70 99.56 11.64 1.32 0.12
Brazil 0.76 0.26 126.82 105.34 0.34 0.48 -
Chile 0.29 0.19 138.64 65.50 3.66 0.80 -
Colombia 0.47 0.30 153.52 115.82 1.32 0.50 -
Costa Rica 0.75 0.26 180.46 148.02 1.90 1.18 -
Ecuador 0.16 0.02 208.97 92.18 0.60 0.40 -
Peru 0.23 0.12 53.05 42.78 0.34 0.20 -
Canada 0.84 0.35 254.72 55.48 11.70 2.86 6.36
USA 0.74 0.33 270.99 122.52 14.46 2.10 0.00
Cyprus 0.48 0.32 216.48 104.22 4.94 1.00 0.24
India 0.54 0.21 75.71 39.54 - 2.00 -
Israel 0.94 0.37 225.39 75.92 16.62 0.76 -
Japan 0.44 0.14 84.00 50.34 2.48 0.68 -
Korea 0.93 0.31 55.74 15.38 0.50 1.18 0.10
Kuwait 1.69 0.76 171.09 77.90 6.96 2.38 1.42
Pakistan 1.38 0.57 177.94 85.76 - 3.42 -
Turkey 1.32 0.50 151.31 94.50 2.04 1.86 -
Austria 0.40 0.17 350.64 83.12 19.14 5.06 3.92
Bulgaria 0.86 0.38 193.92 103.82 7.60 0.30 0.04
Denmark 0.36 0.17 442.34 52.92 16.02 1.68 9.14
Finland 0.29 0.13 417.16 132.52 14.80 5.26 6.44
France 0.57 0.17 356.50 63.24 23.36 8.68 5.40
Germany 0.47 0.16 278.57 62.38 18.80 6.70 7.32
Iceland 0.54 0.75 382.65 94.94 14.86 4.36 7.14
Ireland 0.47 0.09 605.87 190.88 8.90 3.10 8.10
Italy 0.78 0.26 322.29 41.58 21.42 3.02 3.42
Malta 2.16 1.11 266.57 88.98 12.66 0.46 0.12
Norway 0.36 0.10 360.72 77.42 14.84 2.90 7.52
Poland 0.48 0.16 284.82 64.36 11.72 4.40 4.08
Portugal 1.02 0.30 219.12 61.72 8.36 1.98 1.14
Spain 0.98 0.23 206.56 105.40 6.38 0.72 1.70
Sweden 0.41 0.15 386.71 79.48 16.98 3.70 9.82
Switzerland 0.51 0.18 479.55 95.46 16.86 6.10 0.58
Netherlands 0.46 0.20 529.64 119.28 20.14 2.76 0.78
UK 0.45 0.20 266.88 121.84 9.78 3.26 0.02
Australia 0.63 0.19 256.36 100.78 9.26 3.04 -
New Zealand 0.63 0.25 669.59 55.78 4.84 8.18 0.20
Average 0.72 0.31 254.27 81.24 9.82 2.59 3.28
  1. ASIRM ASIR of NPC in males, ASIRF ASIR of NPC in females, MEBC milk excluding butter using International Farm Comparison Network report 2004, MWF whole milk collected from Food Balance Sheets, CHF cheese collected from Food Balance Sheets, BGF butter & ghee collected from Food Balance Sheets, CRF fresh cream collected from Food Balance Sheets