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Table 4 Regression coefficients from the multivariate linear regression analysis of ASIR of NPC on milk excluding butter (per kg), and various adjustments in Hong Kong, 1983–2009

From: Milk consumption in relation to incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in 48 countries/regions

Model Lagged period (Years) Consumption variable ASIR in males ASIR in females
Adjusted unstandardized coefficients (auβ) p value Adjusted unstandardized coefficients (auβ) p value
1 0 (N = 27) Milk excluding butter −0.349*** <0.001 −0.155*** <0.001
5 (N = 22) −0.391*** <0.001 −0.181*** <0.001
10 (N = 17) −0.454* <0.05 −0.232** <0.01
2 0 (N = 27) Milk excluding butter −0.419*** <0.001 −0.184*** <0.001
5 (N = 22) −0.370*** <0.001 −0.151** <0.01
10 (N = 17) −0.439** <0.01 −0.258** <0.01
  1. Model 1: adjusted for per capita consumption of vegetable, salted fish and cigarette smoking
  2. Model 2: adjusted for per capita consumption of vegetable, salted fish, cigarette smoking, and per capita Gross Domestic Product
  3. ASIR age standardized incidence rate, NPC nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  4. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001 (2-tailed)