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Table 2 Psychological outcome measures

From: Prevalence and correlates of healthy lifestyle behaviors among early cancer survivors

Concept Instrument Subscales used Items Score-range α Higher scores indicates
Quality of life EORTC Global health status 2 0-100 .88 Better overall health and quality of life
QLQ-C30
  Physical functioning 5 0-100 .72 Better functioning
Role functioning 2 0-100 .86 Better functioning
Emotional functioning 4 0-100 .86 Better functioning
Cognitive functioning 2 0-100 .70 Better functioning
Social functioning 2 0-100 .70 Better functioning
Fatigue 3 0-100 .87 Higher level of problems
Nausea and vomiting 2 0-100 .52 Higher level of problems
Pain 2 0-100 .82 Higher level of problems
Dyspnea 1 0-100   Higher level of problems
Insomnia 1 0-100   Higher level of problems
Appetite loss 1 0-100   Higher level of problems
Constipation 1 0-100   Higher level of problems
Diarrhea 1 0-100   Higher level of problems
Financial difficulties 1 0-100   Higher level of problems
Higher level of problems
Anxiety, depression HADS Anxiety 7 0-21 .84 More morbidity
Depression 7 0-21 .80 More morbidity
Adjustment to cancer MAC Positive adjustment    .78 More positive adjustment
Fighting spirit 16 16-64   
Avoidance 1 1-4   
Negative adjustment    .84 More negative adjustment
Helplessness/Hopelessness 6 6-24   
Anxious preoccupation 9 9-36
Fatalism 8 8-32
Illness perception Brief IPQ Consequences, Timeline, Personal control, Identity, Concern, Coherence, Emotional representation 7 0-70 .80 More threatening view of the illness
Problem solving orientation SPSI–R:S Positive problem orientation 5 0-4 .72 Positive outcome and self-efficacy expectancies, less emotional distress
Negative problem orientation 5 0-4 .86 Negative outcome and self-efficacy expectancies, more emotional distress
  1. Note: QLQ-C30: Quality of Life Questionnaire; HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; MAC: Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale; Brief IPQ: Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire; SPSI–R:S: Short Social Problem Solving Inventory-Revised; α: Cronbach’s α