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Table 4 Perioperative complications

From: Laparoscopy versus laparotomy for the management of early stage cervical cancer

References Approach Number Intra-operative complication  
Bladder injury Urethral injury Bowel injury Vascular injury Others
Bogani et al. [31] Laparoscopic 65 1 1 0 0 1
Open 65 0 0 0 2 1
Chen et al. [20] Laparoscopic 32 1 0 0 0 0
Open 44 0 2 0 1 0
Ditto et al. [25] Laparoscopic 60 0 0 0 0 0
Open 60 0 0 0 0 0
Frumovitz et al. [26] Laparoscopic 35 1 0 0 3 0
Open 54 1 0 0 0 0
Ghezzi et al. [27] Laparoscopic 50 3 1 0 0 0
Open 48 2 0 1 2 0
Lee et al. [21] Laparoscopic 24 0 1 0 2 0
Open 48 2 1 0 3 0
Li et al. [22] Laparoscopic 90 4 0 0 4 0
Open 35 0 0 0 1 0
Lim et al. [23] Laparoscopic 18 0 0 0 0 0
Open 30 0 0 0 0 0
Malzoni et al. [28] Laparoscopic 65 1 0 0 0 2
Open 62 0 0 0 0 0
Nam et al. [24] Laparoscopic 263 9 6 2 2 0
Open 263 11 3 0 0 1
Zakashansky et al. [30] Laparoscopic 30 2 0 0 0 0
Open 30 0 0 1 1 0
Total Laparoscopic 732 22 (3.0) 9 (1.2) 2 (0.3) 11 (1.5) 3 (0.4)
Open 739 16 (2.2) 6 (0.8) 2 (0.3) 10 (1.4) 2 (0.3)
P Value - - 0.309 0.425 0.992 0.809 0.6465