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Table 6 Mean difference in the physical activity, diet and body composition outcomes from baseline to 8 weeks and 20 weeks, and p value for the difference in change between treatment groups for cancer survivors only (n = 108)

From: Impact of a nutrition and physical activity intervention (ENRICH: Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) on health behaviors of cancer survivors and carers: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

   Mean change from baseline (95 % CI) Adjusted mean difference (95 % CI) Group-by-time
Outcome Time from baseline Control Intervention   P-value
Mean daily steps (pedometer-assessed) 8 week −1281 (-2349 to -214.2) 716.2 (-9.9 to 1442.4) 1997.6 (706.9 to 3288.4) 0.0108
  20 week −1278 (-2587 to 30.8) 123.9 (-1084 to 1331.6) 1401.9 (-379.0 to 3182.8)  
Mean daily steps (with imputation of steps) 8 week −1783 (-3200 to -366.2) 628.9 (-354.1 to 1611.9) 2411.9 (687.5 to 4136.4 0.0121
  20 week −2220 (-3874 to -565.3) 327.0 (-1285 to 1939.1) 2546.6 (236.7 to 4856.5)  
Moderate-to-vigorous PA (minutes/week) 8 week −1.8 (-33.4 to 29.7) 41.3 (-4.0 to 86.6) 43.2 (-12.0 to 98.4) 0.2064
  20 week 5.1 (-32.8 to 43.0) −10.2 (-36.7 to 16.3) −15.3 (-61.5 to 31.0)  
Resistance training (minutes/week) 8 week 18.6 (-0.4 to 37.5) 35.3 (14.8 to 55.8) 16.7 (-11.2 to 44.6) 0.403
  20 week 12.0 (-14.0 to 38.0) 24.5 (9.2 to 39.8) 12.5 (-17.7 to 42.7)  
Total sitting time on last WORK DAY, excluding sleep (minutes/day): 8 week 210.0 (-177.5 to 597.5) 3.5 (-138.7 to 145.7) −206.5 (-619.3 to 206.2) 0.5880
  20 week 154.4 (-5.22 to 313.9) 135.0 (-122.1 to 392.2) −19.3 (-322.0 to 283.3)  
Total sitting time on last NON-WORK DAY, excluding sleep (minutes/day): 8 week 125.5 (-137.3 to 388.3) 6.8 (-136.2 to 149.8) −118.7 (-417.9 to 180.5) 0.1271
  20 week −104.1 (-290.5 to 82.3) 82.3 (-78.3 to 242.9) 186.4 (-59.6 to 432.5)  
Fruit (excluding juice) (g/day) 8 week −5.9 (-45.6 to 33.8) 37.5 (-7.2 to 82.1) 43.4 (-16.3 to 103.1) 0.1624
  20 week −7.8 (-38.0 to 22.4) 56.9 (-5.4 to 119.2) 64.7 (-4.5 to 133.9)  
Vegetables (g/day) 8 week 5.6 (-12.3 to 23.5) 18.8 (-0.2 to 37.8) 13.2 (-12.9 to 39.3) 0.0422
  20 week −7.4 (-27.2 to .12.4) 31.8 (8.2 to 55.3) 39.2 (8.4 to 69.9)  
Vegetables (serves/day) 8 week 0.1 (-0.2 to 0.3) 0.3 (-0.0 to 0.5) 0.2 (-0.2 to 0.5) 0.0422
  20 week −0.1 (-0.4 to 0.2) 0.4 (0.1 to 0.7) 0.5 (0.1 to 0.9)  
Dietary fibre (g/1000 kJ) 8 week 0.1 (-0.03 to 0.3) 0.3 (0.1 to 0.4) 0.1 (-0.1 to 0.4) 0.2039
  20 week −0.03 (-0.2 to 0.1) 0.2 (-0.00 to 0.4) 0.2 (-0.04 to 0.5)  
Energy (kJ/day) 8 week −275 (-853 to 304) −428 (-900 to 44) −154 (-900 to 593) 0.7818
  20 week 101 (-1027 to 1229) −336 (-868 to 195) −437 (-1685 to 810)  
Total fat (g/day) 8 week −3.5 (-10.7 to 3.7) −7.4 (-12.4 to -2.4) −3.8 (-12.6 to 4.9) 0.4710
  20 week 1.3 (-11.7 to 14.4) −6.8 (-12.2 to -1.5) −8.2 (-22.2 to 6.0)  
Saturated fat (g/day) 8 week −1.6 (-4.3 to 1.0) −3.5 (-5.6 to -1.4) −1.8 (-5.2 to 1.5) 0.4082
  20 week −0.00 (-4.7 to 4.7) −3.0 (-5.0 to -1.0) −3.0 (-8.1 to 2.1)  
Red meat (g/day) 8 week 12.8 (-0.3 to 25.9) 2.1 (-8.4 to 12.5) −10.8 (-27.5 to 6.0) 0.4353
  20 week 4.6 (-10.0 to 19.2) 3.4 (-5.7 to 12.4) −1.3 (-18.4 to 15.9)  
Processed meat (g/day) 8 week −1.8 (-6.6 to 3.1) 0.3 (-2.2 to 2.7) 2.1 (-3.3 to 7.5) 0.7480
  20 week −2.3 (-9.9 to 5.3) 0.1 (-3.5 to 3.7) 2.4 (-6.0 to 10.8)  
Alcohol (g/day) 8 week −0.1 (-1.8 to 1.5) −1.1 (-3.1 to 1.0) −0.9 (-3.5 to 1.7) 0.5974
  20 week −1.2 (-3.5 to 1.1) −1.3 (-3.7 to 1.1) −0.1 (-3.4 to 3.2)  
% of energy provided by alcohol (%) 8 week −0.2 (-1.2 to 0.9) −0.4 (-1.2 to 0.4) −0.2 (-1.5 to 1.1) 0.9382
  20 week −0.4 (-1.6 to 0.9) −0.4 (-1.5 to 0.6) −0.1 (-1.7 to 1.5)  
Weight (kgs) 8 week 0.1 (-0.5 to 0.7) −0.8 (-1.4 to -0.3) −0.9 (-1.7 to -0.1) 0.0723
  20 week −0.1 (-1.0, 0.7) −1.3 (-2.3 to -0.3) −1.2 (-2.5 to 0.1)  
BMI (kg/m2) 8 week 0.04 (-0.2 to 0.3) −0.3 (-0.5 to -0.1) −0.3 (-0.6 to -0.05) 0.0637
  20 week −0.03 (-0.3 to 0.3) −0.5 (-0.9 to -0.1) −0. 5 (-0.9 to 0.02)  
Waist circumference (cm) 8 week −2.0 (-4.7 to 0.8) −2.9 (-5.3 to -0.4) −0.9 (-4.6 to 2.8) 0.6287
  20 week −2.3 (-4.6 to 0.1) −1.4 (-5.6 to 2.9) 0.9 (-4.0 to 5.7)