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Table 4 Mean difference in the diet and body composition outcomes from baseline to 8 weeks and 20 weeks, and p value for the difference in change between treatment groups

From: Impact of a nutrition and physical activity intervention (ENRICH: Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) on health behaviors of cancer survivors and carers: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

   Mean change from baseline (95 % CI) Adjusted mean difference (95 % CI) Group-by-time
Outcome Time from baseline Control Intervention   P-value
Fruit (excluding juice) (g/day) 8 week 7.3 (-27.9 to 42.5) 36.9 (-0.3 to 74.1) 29.6 (-21.6 to 80.8) 0.3793
  20 week 12.9 (-17.0 to 42.9) 50.9 (1.2 to 100.5) 38.0 (-20.0 to 96.0)  
Vegetables (g/day) 8 week −0.5 (-19.1 to 18.1) 23.6 (6.9 to 40.2) 24.1 (-0.9 to 49.0) 0.0188
  20 week −7.1 (-26.9 to 12.7) 32.4 (13.3 to 51.4) 39.4 (12.0 to 66.9)  
Vegetables (serves/day) 8 week −0.01 (-0.3 to 0.2) 0.3 (0.1 to 0.5) 0.3 (-0.01 to 0.7) 0.0188
  20 week −0.1 (-0.4 to 0.2) 0.4 (0.2 to 0.7) 0.5 (0.2 to 0.9)  
Dietary fibre (g/1000 kJ) 8 week 0.1 (-0.01 to 0.3) 0.3 (0.2 to 0.5) 0.2 (-0.02 to 0.4) 0.1942
  20 week 0.1 (-0.1 to 0.2) 0.2 (0.1 to 0.4) 0.2 (-0.1 to 0.4)  
Energy (kJ/day) 8 week −244 (-806 to 318) −492 (-912 to -72) −248 (-949 to 453) 0.5739
  20 week 111 (-836 to 1057) −436 (-881 to 9) −547 (-1592 to 499)  
Total fat (g/day) 8 week −3.4 (-10.3 to 3.5) −7.4 (-12.0 to -2.9) −4.0 (-12.3 to 4.2) 0.4165
  20 week 0.5 (-10. 6 to 11.5) −7.1 (-11.7 to -2.6) −7.6 (-19.5 to 4.4)  
Saturated fat (g/day) 8 week −1.5 (-4.1 to 1.1) −3.7 (-5.5 to -1.9) −2.2 (-5.4 to 0.9) 0.2827
  20 week −0.4 (-4.4 to 3.6) −3.4 (-5.3 to -1.5) −3.0 (-7.4 to 1.4)  
Red meat (g/day) 8 week 1.2 (-20.6 to 23.1) −2.9 (-13.3 to 7.5) −4.1 (-28.3 to 20.1) 0.4208
  20 week −6.0 (-28.3 to 16.3) 0.8 (-8.2 to 9.8) 6.8 (-17.3 to 30.9)  
Processed meat (g/day) 8 week −1.7 (-5.8 to 2.4) 0.1 (-2.7 to 2.9) 1.8 (-3.2 to 6.7) 0.6659
  20 week −2.6 (-8.9 to 3.6) 0.5 (-2.7 to 3.6) 3.1 (-3.9 to 10.1)  
Alcohol (g/day) 8 week −0.4 (-1.8 to 1.1) −2.2 (-4.5 to 0.1) −1.8 (-4.5 to 0.9) 0.2331
  20 week −1.6 (-3.6 to 0.5) −1.3 (-4.0 to 1.3) 0.2 (-3.1 to 3.6)  
% of energy provided by alcohol (%) 8 week −0.3 (-1.2 to 0.6) −1.0 (-2.0 to 0.1) −0.7 (-2.1 to 0.7) 0.4265
  20 week −0.5 (-1.6 to 0.6) −0.2 (-1.7 to 1.3) 0.3 (-1.6 to 2.1)  
Weight (kgs) 8 week 0.04 (-0.5 to 0.6) −1.4 (-2.3 to -0.4) −1.4 (-2.5 to -0.3) 0.0140
  20 week −0.1 (-0.8 to 0.6) −1.6 (-2.5 to -0.7) −1.5 (-2.6 to -0.3)  
BMI (kg/m2) 8 week 0.02 (-0.2 to 0.2) −0.5 (-0.9 to -0.1) −0.5 (-1.0 to -0.1) 0.0120
  20 week −0.02 (-0.3 to 0.2) −0.6 (-0.9 to -0.2) −0.6 (-1.0 to -0.1)  
Waist circumference (cm) 8 week −1.5 (-3.8 to 0.7) −3.8 (-5.9 to -1.7) −2.3 (-5.4 to 0.7) 0.2361
  20 week −2.1 (-4.0 to -0.2) −2.5 (-5.8 to 0.8) −0.4 (-4.3 to 3.4)