Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants (n = 133)

From: Impact of a nutrition and physical activity intervention (ENRICH: Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) on health behaviors of cancer survivors and carers: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

  Control (n = 58) Intervention (n = 75)
Characteristic N % (of responses) Sample size N % (of responses) Sample size
Age, years, Mean (SD) 58.1 (11.2) 57 56.2 (12.6) 75
  Female gender 43 74.1 58 60 80.0 75
  Married/de facto 38 66.7 57 55 73.3 75
Completed post-school qualifications 41 71.9 57 54 73.0 74
Employed (full-time or part-time) 26 45.6 57 34 45.9 74
Weekly family income    56    75
  -Less than $499 11 19.6   12 16.0  
  -$500-$1000 14 25.0   16 21.3  
  -More than $1000 14 25.0   25 33.3  
  -Prefer not to answer 17 30.4   22 29.3  
Current smoker 3 5.3 57 3 4.2 72
Number of co-morbidities (ever had OR have)    58    75
  -0 16 27.6   13 17.3  
  -1–3 33 56.9   50 66.7  
  -4 or more 9 15.5   12 16.0  
Types of co-morbiditiesa       
  -Musculoskeletal disorders 20 37.7 53 28 38.4 73
  -Mental health problems 15 27.8 54 27 36.5 74
  -Arthritis 16 28.6 56 34 45.9 74
  -High blood pressure 18 32.1 56 18 24.3 74
  -High cholesterol 19 33.9 56 25 33.3 75
  -Chronic headache/migraine 9 16.1 56 7 9.5 74
  -Lung conditions 7 12.5 56 13 17.6 74
  -Heart condition 4 7.1 56 5 6.8 74
  -Stroke 2 3.6 56 0 0 74
  -Diabetes 4 7.1 56 2 2.7 73
  -Stomach ulcer 3 5.4 56 2 2.7 74
Cancer survivor 43 75.4 57 53 70.7 75
Carer 9 15.8 57 15 20.0 75
Both cancer survivor and carer 5 8.8 57 7 9.3 75
Relationship to cancer survivor:    14    19
  -Spouse/partner 11 78.6   12 63.2  
  -other relative or friend 3 21.4   7 36.8  
Cancer typea    48    60
  -Bowel/colorectal 5 10.4   3 5.0  
  -Breast 28 58.3   36 60.0  
  -Prostate 7 14.6   7 11.7  
  -Melanoma 3 6.3   4 6.7  
  -Other (eg. non-Hodgkins lymphoma, Leukaemia, ovarian, thyroid) 13 27.1   17 28.3  
Time since diagnosis, months, Mean (SD) 45.2 (52.3) 47 39.3 (56.7) 57
Treatment received (EVER)a       
  -Surgery 45 93.8 48 55 93.2 59
  -Chemotherapy 28 62.2 45 45 84.9 53
  -Radiotherapy 30 63.8 47 32 68.1 47
  -Hormone treatment 20 48.8 41 30 66.7 45
Cancer in remission 36 80.0 45 44 77.2 57
Number of cancer diagnoses    48    60
  -1 43 89.6   54 90.0  
  -2 4 8.3   5 8.3  
  -3 or more 1 2.1   1 1.7  
  1. aParticipants could select more than one response, so the percentage may add up to more than 100 %