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Table 2 Components, operationalization and methods of the process evaluation

From: Self-management support intervention to control cancer pain in the outpatient setting: a randomized controlled trial study protocol

Component and definition Operationalization Data collection method
Recruitment   
Procedures used to approach patients, at the individual and organizational level • Procedures applied within and outside hospitals to recruit patients • Recruitment plan
• Reasons for non-participation • Recruitment logbook
Reach   
Proportion of the intended population that participated in the intervention • Characteristics of patients • Socio-demographic questionnaire
• Number of patients that completed the intervention or dropped out • Server log file
• Reasons for withdrawal • Enrolment logbook
Dose delivered (completeness)
Extent to which the intervention is actually delivered to patients and nurses • Implementation of the home visit as intended • Checklist
• Interviews patients
• Functioning of the patient and nurse application as intended • Interviews nurses
• Server log file
• Helpdesk logbook
Dose received (exposure)  
Extent to which patients and nurses received and used the intervention • Opinion about the ability of patients to understand and implement the intervention • Interviews patients
• Patients’ and nurses’ adherence towards the intervention • Interviews nurses
• Number of actions nurses applied in follow-up of monitored data • Server log file
Dose received (satisfaction)  
Satisfaction of patients and nurses with the intervention • Experienced benefits, burden, and supportiveness of the intervention by patients and nurses • Interviews patients
• Interviews nurses
• Overall opinion of patients and nurses
• Facilitators and barriers in applying
• The intervention