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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression to evaluate factors associated with a “Short LOS” (≤3 days) among pediatric cancer fever and neutropenia discharges

From: Hospital discharges for fever and neutropenia in pediatric cancer patients: United States, 2009

Factors Adjusted odds ratio (OR) 95% CI P-value
 Gender
 Female 1.06 1.02–1.10 0.006
Age
 15–19 years Ref   
 10–14 years 1.06 0.99–1.13 0.076
 5–9 years 1.20 1.11–1.30 <0.001
 0–4 years 1.08 1.01–1.15 0.029
Primary payer
 Public Ref   
 Private 1.08 1.02–1.13 0.004
 Self-pay 1.05 0.89–1.23 0.591
 Other 0.96 0.85–1.08 0.467
Median household income per ZIP code
 1st quartile Ref   
 2nd quartile 1.08 1.01–1.16 0.032
 3rd quartile 1.10 1.03–1.18 0.01
 4th quartile 1.07 1.00–1.15 0.05
Hospital location-teaching status
 Urban, teaching Ref   
 Urban, non-teaching 1.12 0.96–1.31 0.16
 Rural 2.01 1.57–2.58 <0.001
Hospital region
 Northeast Ref   
 Midwest 1.22 1.09–1.36 <0.001
 South 1.04 0.94–1.15 0.41
 West 0.94 0.85–1.05 0.298
Type of infection
 Upper respiratory infection 1.07 0.97–1.18 0.165
 Acute otitis media 1.26 1.10–1.44 0.001
 Bloodstream infection 0.21 0.18–0.24 <0.001
 Viral infection 1.82 1.55–2.15 <0.001
 Urinary tract infection 0.44 0.39–0.50 <0.001
 Pneumonia 0.27 0.22–0.32 <0.001
Type of cancer
 ALL 0.84 0.78–0.89 <0.001
 Bone cancer 0.77 0.71–0.85 <0.001
 Central nervous system tumor 0.99 0.92–1.07 0.787
 AML 0.40 0.36–0.45 <0.001
 Soft tissue sarcoma 1.25 1.13–1.37 <0.001
 Neuroblastoma 0.56 0.48–0.66 <0.001
 Hodgkin lymphoma 1.66 1.45–1.91 <0.001
 Wilms tumor 0.59 0.52–0.68 <0.001
 Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 0.46 0.39–0.54 <0.001
 Ovarian or testicular tumor 0.63 0.52–0.76 <0.001
  1. Controlled for Race; CI = Confidence Interval, ALL = Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; AML = Acute Myelogenous Leukemia; Type of Infection and Type of Cancer are presented as dichotomous variables