Skip to main content

Table 3 Identified clusters of malignant mesothelioma cases by economic sector and modality of asbestos exposure (E = environmental; F = familial; O = occupational)

From: Epidemiological patterns of asbestos exposure and spatial clusters of incident cases of malignant mesothelioma from the Italian national registry

ID   Main economic sectors and number of exposures* Reference
1 Casale Monferrato Asbestos cement industry: N = 251 (E = 101, F = 59, O = 91); Construction: N = 43 (F = 12, O = 31); Metal engineering: N = 29 (O); Road transportation: N = 27 (F = 1, O = 26) [19,28]
2 Cavagnolo Asbestos cement industry: N = 8 (E = 1, F = 7); Construction: N = 3 (O); Electric power plant: N = 3 (O); Automotive industry: N = 2 (O)  
3 Ciriè Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 11 (F = 1, O = 10); Asbestos textile industry: N = 10 (E = 1, F = 2, O = 7); Mining: N = 6 (E = 3, O = 3); Construction: N = 5 (O); Metal engineering: N = 5 (O); Rubber industry: N = 5 (O) [44,45]
4 Collegno Asbestos textile industry: N = 40 (E = 8, F = 4, O = 28); Automotive industry: N = 16 (E = 6, F = 2, O = 8); Metal engineering: N = 14 (F = 1, O = 13); Construction: N = 11 (F = 1, O = 10); Plastics industry: N = 10 (F = 1, O = 9); Food industry: N = 9 (O); Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 8 (F = 1, O = 7); Rubber industry: N = 6 (O) [24]
5 Dalmine Metal product manufacturing: N = 41 (O); Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 33 (O); Construction: N = 27 (O); Metal engineering: N = 20 (O); Asbestos cement industry: N = 8 (F = 1, O = 7); Chemical industry: N = 8 (O)  
6 Genoa Shipyard: N = 269 (F = 17, O = 252); Port (handling and shipping): N = 183 (F = 14, O = 169); Construction: N = 102 (F = 4, O = 98); Steel industry: N = 90 (E = 1, F = 4, O = 85); Metal product manufacturing: N = 81 (F = 1, O = 80); Metal engineering: N = 51 (F = 5, O = 46) [21]
7 Legnano Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 88 (F = 1, O = 87); Metal engineering: N = 50 (O); Construction: N = 40 (F = 1, O = 39); Metal product manufacturing: N = 30 (O); Chemical industry: N = 10 (O)  
8 Sarnico Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 22 (F = 1, O = 21); Asbestos textile industry: N = 7 (O); Construction: N = 3 (O); Rubber industry: N = 2 (O) [25]
9 Savona Chemical industry: N = 24 (O); Construction: N = 20 (O); Port (shipping and handling): N = 11 (O); Shipyard: N = 9 (O); Glass industry: N = 7 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 7 (O); Manufacture of basic metals: N = 6 (O); Military defense: N = 6 (O); Railway carriage construction and maintenance: N = 5 (O) [21]
10 Broni Asbestos cement industry: N = 84 (E = 41, F = 15, O = 28); Construction: N = 31 (O) [20]
11 La Spezia Shipyard: N = 233 (E = 2, F = 14, O = 217); Construction: N = 50 (F = 2, O = 48); Port (handling and shipping): N = 41 (O); Military defense: N = 32 (O); Metal engineering: N = 32 (F = 1, O = 31); Oil refinery: N = 21 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 18 (O); Electric power plant: N = 14 (O); Manufacture of basic metals: N = 14 (E = 1; F = 2, O = 11) [21,33]
12 Fiorenzuola d’Arda Construction: N = 26 (F = 5, O = 21); Food industry: N = 18 (O); Glass industry: N = 11 (E = 4, F = 1, O = 6); Metal engineering: N = 10 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 8 (O)  
13 Padua Railway carriage construction and maintenance: N = 22 (E = 4, F = 1, O = 17); Construction: N = 19 (F = 4, O = 15); Metal engineering: N = 14 (F = 3, O = 11); Asbestos cement industry: N = 8 (E = 4, O = 4); Railway transport: N = 7 (E = 6, O = 1); Sugar industry: N = 6 (F = 2, O = 4); Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 6 (O) [37]
14 Ravenna Construction: N = 33 (F = 1, O = 32); Chemical industry: N = 26 (E = 1, F = 2, O = 23); Sugar industry: N = 22 (F = 1, O = 21); Metal engineering: N = 13 (O); Manufacture of synthetic fibers: N = 9 (F = 2, O = 7); Shipyard: N = 8 (E = 1, F = 1, O = 6) [41]
15 Reggio nell’Emilia Asbestos cement industry: N = 44 (E = 2, F = 2, O = 40); Railway carriage construction and maintenance: N = 31 (F = 7, O = 24); Construction: N = 18 (F = 1, O = 17); Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 6 (O) [47,48]
16 Trieste Shipyard: N = 241 (E = 1, F = 21, O = 219); Construction: N = 74 (F = 1, O = 73); Metal engineering: N = 54 (F = 1, O = 53); Port (handling and shipping): N = 48 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 45 (O) [22,23]
17 Venice Shipyard: N = 55 (E = 1, F = 9, O = 45); Construction: N = 54 (F = 5, O = 49); Port (handling and shipping): N = 41 (E = 1, F = 4, O = 36); Chemical Industry: N = 37 (E = 2, F = 1, O = 34); Metal engineering: N = 34 (F = 2, O = 32); Metal product manufacturing: N = 18 (O); Manufacture of basic metals: N = 17 (F = 3, O = 14); Glass industry: N = 12 (E = 1, O = 11) [29]
18 Carrara Shipyard: N = 25 (O); Construction: N = 25 (O); Metal engineering: N = 18 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 14 (F = 1, O = 13); Port (handling and shipping): N = 12 (O); Stone extraction and cutting: N = 10 (O); Motor vehicle repairing: N = 7 (O); Asbestos cement industry: N = 5 (F = 2, O = 3) [49]
19 Ancona Shipyard: N = 39 (F = 2, O = 37); Construction: N = 17 (F = 1, O = 16); Military defense: N = 9 (O); Asbestos cement industry: N = 8 (O) [50]
20 Civitavecchia Port (handling and shipping): N = 4 (O); Electric power plant: N = 4 (O); Construction: N = 4 (O); Metal engineering: N = 2 (O) [51]
21 Leghorn Construction: N = 56 (F = 1, O = 55); Shipyard: N = 48 (F = 2, O = 46); Metal product manufacturing: N = 45 (F = 1, O = 44); Military defense: N = 31 (O); Metal engineering: N = 31 (O); Port (handling and shipping): N = 25 (F = 1, O = 24); Chemical industry: N = 19 (O); Glass industry: N = 18 (O); Electric power plant: N = 16 (F = 3, O = 13); Food industry: N = 16 (O); Agriculture: N = 15 (F = 2, O = 13); Asbestos cement industry: N = 10 (E = 1, O = 9); Motor vehicle repairing: N = 9 (O) [30,52]
22 Pesaro Construction: N = 8 (O); Metal engineering: N = 5 (O); Military defense: N = 5 (O)  
23 Piombino Steel industry: N = 17 (F = 1, O = 16); Construction: N = 12 (O); Port (shipping and handling): N = 8 (O); Military defense: N = 5 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 4 (O); Agriculture: N = 4 (O); Food industry: N = 3 (O) [30]
24 Prato Non-asbestos textile industry: N = 39 (O); Wholesale of non-metal waste and scraps: N = 30 (O); Railway carriage construction and maintenance: N = 19 (E = 1, F = 1, O = 17); Construction: N = 14 (O); Agriculture: N = 13 (O); Manufacture of wood furniture: N = 10 (O); Metal engineering: N = 7 (O) [35,38]
25 Bari Asbestos cement industry: N = 59 (E = 42, F = 3; O = 14); Construction: N = 22 (O); Military defense: N = 21 (O); Railway transport: N = 19 (E = 4, O = 15); Port (handling and shipping): N = 17 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 8 (O) [26]
26 Biancavilla Mining: N = 7 (E); Construction: N = 3 (O) [42,43]
27 Castellamare di Stabia Shipyard: N = 20 (F = 4, O = 16); Asbestos cement industry: N = 6 (E = 1, O = 5); Port (shipping): N = 5 (E = 1, O = 4); Manufacture of basic metals: N = 5 (O); Metal product manufacturing: N = 4 (F = 2, O = 2); Manufacture of jewelry: N = 3 (O)  
28 Gela Construction: N = 5 (O); Oil refinery: N = 2 (O); Automotive industry: N = 2 (O) [53]
29 Naples Asbestos cement industry: N = 17 (F = 1, O = 16); Steel industry: N = 15 (F = 1, O = 14); Railway carriage construction and maintenance: N = 8 (O); Shipyard: N = 6 (O); Motor vehicle repairing: N = 6 (O); Port (handling and shipping): N = 4 (O) [39,54]
30 Palermo Shipyard: N = 31 (E = 1, F = 1, O = 29); Railway transport: N = 6 (F = 1, O = 5); Construction: N = 4 (O) [55]
31 Syracuse Construction: N = 16 (O); Asbestos cement industry: N = 6 (E = 2, O = 4); Port (shipping): N = 5 (E = 1, O = 4); Shipyard: N = 3 (E = 2, O = 1); Metal engineering: N = 3 (O)  
32 Taranto Shipyard: N = 54 (E = 4, F = 4, O = 45); Steel industry: N = 45 (E = 2, F = 2, O = 41); Military defense: N = 40 (F = 1, O = 39); Construction: N = 15 (O); Port (handling and shipping): N = 7 (E = 3, O = 4) [32]
  1. *Only economic sectors accounting for more than 3% of defined cases are reported.