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Table 1 Sample characteristics by gender

From: Perceived causes and consequences of sexual changes after cancer for women and men: a mixed method study

  Women Men Test for group difference Significance Effect size
Variable n M (SD) n M (SD) F p η2
Patient age 535 50.7 (10.9) 122 61.1 (14.3) 79.01 <0.001 0.108
Years since first diagnosis 533 4.9 (5.3) 122 5.3 (5.4) 0.53 0.468 0.001
Length of current relationship 515 19.8 (13.7) 118 25.7 (16.8) 16.55 <0.001 0.026
  n % n % χ2 p φ
Cancer type:      519.19 <0.001 0.364
  Breast 425 80 - -    
  Gynecologic 45 8.5 - -    
  Prostate - - 87 72.5    
  Genitourinary (other) 4 0.8 7 5.8    
  Hematological/Blood 23 4.3 14 11.7    
  Digestive/Gastrointestinal 11 2.1 4 3.3    
  Neurologic 6 1.1 4 3.3    
  Skin 8 1.5 2 1.7    
  Othera 9 1.7 2 1.7    
Cancer classification:      10.52 .001 0.127
  Sexual cancer type 474 89.3 94 78.3    
  Non-sexual cancer type 57 10.7 26 21.7    
Stage of disease:      27.19 <0.001 0.188
  No longer detectable/In remission 430 80.8 71 58.7    
  Receiving treatment 16 3.0 7 5.8    
  Otherb 86 16.2 43 35.5    
Relationship status:      3.12 0.374 0.032
  Partnered – Living together 414 77.4 96 78.7    
  Partnered – Not living together 34 6.4 10 8.2    
  Not in a relationship 76 14.2 16 13.1    
  Other/Not specified 11 2.1 - -    
Sexual identity:      405.16 <0.001 0.858
  Heterosexual 434 96.7 92 91.1    
  Non Heterosexual 15 3.3 9 8.9    
Current sexual relationship:        
  Yes 404 76.2 87 71.9    
  No 126 23.8 34 18.6 0.99 0.319 0.039
  1. Note a “Other” includes: Respiratory/Thoracic, Head & Neck, various, each less than 1%; b “Other” includes: a new different cancer; active monitoring; outcome not specified; η2 eta-squared; φ Phi coefficient.