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Table 4 Factors associated with HIV testing in black South African women with cancer

From: HIV testing and burden of HIV infection in black cancer patients in Johannesburg, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

Factor No previous HIV test N (%) Previous HIV test N (%) Crude logistic model OR (95% CI) Multivariate logistic model OR (95% CI)
Age     
≤49 years 1368 (50.1) 707 (77.6) 1 1
>49 years 1364 (49.9) 204 (22.4) 0.29 (0.24 – 0.34) 0.33 (0.27 – 0.41)
Place of residence     
Urban 2392 (87.7) 840 (92.3) 1  
Rural 336 (12.3) 70 (7.7) 0.59 (0.45 – 0.78)  
Marital status     
Married/living together 1503 (55.1) 435 (47.9) 1  
Single/never married 280 (10.3) 182 (20.0) 2.24 (1.81 – 2.78)  
Widowed 483 (17.7) 119 (13.1) 0.85 (0.68 – 1.07)  
Separated/divorced 462 (16.9) 173 (19.0) 1.29 (1.05 – 1.59)  
Year of interview     
2004-2005 497 (18.2) 77 (8.5) 1 1
2006 433 (15.8) 99 (10.9) 1.47 (1.07 – 2.04) 1.61 (1.14 – 2.28)
2007 642 (23.5) 173 (19.0) 1.74 (1.30 – 2.33) 2.91 (2.10 – 4.01)
2008 648 (23.7) 231 (25.4) 2.30 (1.73 – 3.05) 3.62 (2.65 – 4.95)
2009 512 (18.7) 331 (36.3) 4.17 (3.16 – 5.50) 6.04 (4.45 – 8.21)
Level of education     
None 336 (12.3) 44 (4.8) 1 1
Primary 880 (32.3) 172 (18.9) 1.49 (1.04 – 2.13) 1.26 (0.86 – 1.84)
Secondary/tertiary 1511 (55.4) 695 (76.3) 3.51 (2.53 – 4.87) 2.08 (1.45 – 2.97)
Alcohol use     
Non-drinkers 2071 (75.8) 667 (73.2) 1  
Moderate drinkers 401 (14.7) 141 (15.5) 1.09 (0.88 – 1.35)  
Heavy/binge drinkers 260 (9.5) 103 (11.3) 1.23 (0.96 – 1.57)  
Smoking     
Non-smokers 2240 (82.0) 778 (85.4) 1  
Ex-smokers 152 (5.6) 32 (3.5) 0.61 (0.41 – 1.90)  
Current smokers (1–14 g/day) 278 (10.2) 86 (9.4) 0.89 (0.69 – 1.15)  
Current smokers (15+ g/day) 62 (2.3) 15 (1.6) 0.70 (0.39 – 1.23)  
Lifetime number of sexual partners     
0-1 383 (14.3) 92 (10.3) 1.38 (1.08 – 1.76)  
2-5 1962 (73.0) 650 (72.5) 1.87 (1.39 – 2.52)  
6+ 342 (12.7) 154 (17.2)   
Having children under 5 years    1 1
No 2497 (92.8) 680 (75.5) 4.18 (3.39 – 5.16) 2.59 (2.04 – 3.29)
Yes 194 (7.2) 221 (24.5)   
Cancer type     
AIDS-defining 1140 (41.7) 385 (42.3) 1  
Other 1592 (58.3) 526 (57.7) 0.98 (0.84 – 1.14)  
Hormonal contraceptive use     
Never 1105 (40.6) 224 (24.7) 1 1
Ever 1615 (59.4) 684 (75.3) 2.09 (1.76 – 2.47) 1.33 (1.09 – 1.62)
Interviewer     
Interviewer 1 1426 (52.2) 673 (73.9) 1 1
Interviewers 2 and 3 1306 (47.8) 238 (26.1) 0.74 (0.69 – 0.78) 0.36 (0.30 – 0.44)