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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Are urothelial carcinomas of the upper urinary tract a distinct entity from urothelial carcinomas of the urinary bladder? Behavior of urothelial carcinoma after radical surgery with respect to anatomical location: a case control study

  Upper urinary tract cancer Bladder cancer P value
  No. of patients % No. of patients %  
No. of patients 335 100 302 100  
Age, years      0.217
Mean 63.0   62.0   
Range 29.5-90.0   21.0-85.6   
Sex      <0.001
Male 265 79.1 270 89.4  
Female 70 20.9 32 10.6  
Body mass index, kg/m2      0.001
Mean 24.2   23.4   
Range 13.8-38.8   13.9-32.5   
ASA score      0.005
1 114 34.0 136 45.0  
≥2 221 66.0 166 55.0  
Hydronephrosis 161 48.1 61 20.2 <0.001
Pathological T category      0.584
≤pT1 131 39.1 113 37.4  
pT2 58 17.3 62 20.5  
≥pT3 146 43.6 127 42.1  
Pathological N category      <0.001
pN- 39 11.6 237 78.5  
pN+ 16 4.8 65 21.5  
pNx 280 83.6 0 0.0  
Tumor grade      <0.001
≤II 241 71.9 125 41.4  
III 94 28.1 177 58.6  
LVI 63 18.8 108 35.8 <0.001
Associated CIS 30 9.0 66 21.9 <0.001
Positive surgical margin 14 4.2 23 7.6 0.064
  1. Abbreviations: ASA = American Society of Anesthesiologists, LVI = Lymphovascular invasion, CIS = carcinoma in situ.
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