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Table 1 Percentage distribution of histopathological features in non-metastatic (N0/M0), lymphogenous-metastatic (N+) and haematogenous-metastatic (M+) colon carcinomas

From: Histopathological features predict metastatic potential in locally advanced colon carcinomas

  N0/M0 N+ M+
Tumor budding    
none 24 4 0
weak 64 50 52
moderate 6 17 28
strong 6 29 20
Inflammation zone 1    
none 3 21 16
granulocytic 3 0 8
mixed 46 33 28
lymphocytic 48 46 48
Inflammation zone 2    
none 0 8 0
granulocytic 3 0 0
mixed 35 13 20
lymphocytic 59 79 68
xanthogranulomatous 3 0 12
Distribution (total 100%)    
Tumor 52 50 48
Desmoplasia 34 38 35
Necrosis 14 12 17
Tumor/desmoplasia ratio    
> median 59 33 48
≤ median 41 67 52
Tumor/necrosis ratio    
> median 59 50 32
≤ median 41 50 68
Desmoplasia pattern    
finger-like 46 21 36
pushing 27 46 20
net-like 27 33 44