Methodological flowchart of DNA analyses performed. DNA extracted from clinical samples was subjected to both Linear Array and PGMY09/11 PCR analysis. In the event of a positive Linear Array result, the HPV subtype was known immediately. In the case of a positive PGMY result, direct sequencing (using the GP5+ internal primer) enabled the subtype present to be determined. In the case of a PGMY negative result, a further nested PCR amplification step was performed using the GP5+/GP6+ primer set. Subsequent positive results were then directly sequenced using the GP5+ primer alone. Samples negative for both Linear Array and nested PCR were classified as free from infection.