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Table 1 Multiple logistic regression analyses for factors associated with prostate cancer *

From: Cadmium burden and the risk and phenotype of prostate cancer

Variable Odds ratio
(95% CI)
p Variables Odds ratio
(95% CI)
p
Blood cadmium, μg/l    Urine cadmium, μg Cd/g creatinine   
≤ 0.87 1.0 0.24 ≤ 1.12 1.0 0.003
> 0.87 1.44 (0.78-2.64)   > 1.12 0.49 (0.31-0.78)  
Family income    Family income   
Median/low 1.0 0.002 Median/low 1.0 0.002
High 2.86 (1.45-5.61)   High 2.25 (1.35-3.73)  
Beef    Beef   
Less 1.0 0.041 Less 1.0 0.033
Frequent 0.53 (0.29-0.98)   Frequent 0.60 (0.37-0.96)  
Dairy products    Dairy products   
Less 1.0 0.065 Less 1.0 0.056
Frequent 0.49 (0.23-1.04)   Frequent 0.58 (0.33-1.01)  
Eating out    Eating out   
Less 1.0 0.309 Less 1.0 0.049
Frequent 1.39 (0.74-2.61)   Frequent 1.62 (1.0-2.6)  
Family history   0.095 Family history   0.045
No 1.0   No 1.0  
Yes 4.41 (0.77-25.1)   Yes 3.47 (1.03-11.7)  
  1. * Analysis was done by controlling for subjects' ages, smoking status and medical institutions; CI = confidence interval.