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Table 1 Patient inclusion and exclusion criteria.

From: Cancer Health Empowerment for Living without Pain (Ca-HELP): study design and rationale for a tailored education and coaching intervention to enhance care of cancer-related pain

Inclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria
Seen or scheduled to be seen at participating facility Major surgical procedure scheduled within six weeks
Age 18 to 80 Enrolled in hospice
Diagnosis of locally advanced or disseminated lung, breast, prostate, head & neck, esophageal, colorectal, or gynecologic cancers* Followed by pain management service (more than one visit made or scheduled)
English speaking Already contacted for study
Recent worst pain (past two weeks) reported to be 4 or higher (on a scale of 0 to 10) OR pain in past two weeks reported to have interfered with normal daily activities at least moderately (at least 3 on a 5-point scale). Difficulty thinking or expressing himself
  Unable to receive and/or complete mailed enrollment materials
  1. *Patients with pancreatic cancer were included initially, but this diagnosis was removed from the list of eligible cancers on June 1, 2007 upon the recommendation of the Data Safety and Monitoring Board.