Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Study Population by Dietary Preference, Leisure-time Physical Activity

From: Dietary preference, physical activity, and cancer risk in men: national health insurance corporation study

Characteristics Dietary Preferencea Leisure-time Physical Activityb
  Meat Vegetables or mixture of vegetables and meat P valuec Low Moderate-High P valuec
  (n = 29,518) (n = 419,614)   (n = 262,146) (n = 184,781)  
Age (year)       
40–49 17,765 (60.18) 236,425 (56.34)   147,574 (56.29) 105,835 (57.28)  
50–59 10,091 (34.19) 154,564 (36.83) < .001 96,411 (36.78) 66,953 (36.23) < .001
≥ 60 1,662 (5.63) 28,625 (6.82)   18,161 (6.93) 11,993 (6.49)  
Employment       
White collar 7,043 (23.86) 92,669 (22.14)   61,460 (23.44) 37,987 (20.56)  
Blue collar 22,475 (76.14) 326,945 (77.86) < .001 200,686 (76.56) 146,794 (79.44) < .001
Smoking status       
Never 4,845 (16.66) 94,455 (22.91)   57,139 (22.18) 41,647 (22.86)  
Former 5,184 (17.82) 72,956 (17.70) < .001 42,178 (16.37) 35,796 (19.65) < .001
Current 19,057 (65.52) 244,793 (59.39)   158,320 (61.45) 104,716 (57.49)  
Alcohol, g/wk       
Never 4,262 (14.64) 63,276 (15.30)   42,791 (16.59) 24,028 (13.15)  
≤ 51.8 4,003 (13.75) 75,773 (18.32)   45,591 (17.68) 33,942 (18.58)  
51.9 – 124.2 6,910 (23.74) 111,724 (27.02) < .001 65,237 (25.29) 52,933 (28.98) < .001
124.3 – 289.8 9,375 (32.21) 121,308 (29.33)   76,872 (29.81) 53,438 (29.25)  
≤ 238.9 4,554 (15.65) 41,454 (10.02)   27,424 (10.63) 18,339 (10.04)  
BMI, kg/m 2       
< 25 18,532 (62.81) 290,474 (69.25)   184,343 (69.81) 122,911 (66.54)  
25–29.9 10,418 (35.31) 123,976 (29.56) < .001 76,647 (29.03) 59,299 (32.10) < .001
≥ 30 555 (1.88) 5,020 (1.20)   3,067 (1.16) 2,502 (1.35)  
FBS, mg/dL       
< 110 25,336 (85.93) 359,506 (85.75)   225,293 (86.03) 157,712 (85.42)  
110–125 2,251 (7.63) 32,619 (7.78) < .001 20,014 (7.64) 14,624 (7.92) < .001
≥ 126 1,896 (6.43) 27,130 (6.47)   16,582 (6.33) 12,306(6.66)  
Leisure-time physical activity       
Low 18,818 (64.40) 242,023 (58.21)     
Moderate-High 10,401 (35.60) 173,721 (41.79) < .001    
Dietary preference       
Meat     18,818 (7.21) 10,401(5.63)  
Vegetables or mixture of vegetables and meat     242,023 (92.79) 173,721(94.01) < .001
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, Body Mass Index; FBS, Fasting Blood Sugar
  2. a Dietary preference was categorized as vegetables, mixture of vegetables and meat, and meats.
  3. bWith the combination of frequency and duration with vigorous, sweat-producing LPA, it was categorized as (1) high; ≥ 5 times/week for ≥ 30 min/time, (2) moderate; 2–4 times/week for ≥ 30 min/time or ≥ 5 times/week for < 30 min/time, and (3) low; ≤ 4 times/week for < 30 min/time or ≤ 1 time/week for ≥ 30 min/time.
  4. c Mantel-Haenzel chi square test for comparison among strata in age, job, smoking status, alcohol amount, BMI, and FBS. Values represent number (%) of subjects