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Table 4 Patients' clinical, radiological, cystoscopic, and histopathological criteria.

From: Muscle invasive bladder cancer in Upper Egypt: the shift in risk factors and tumor characteristics

  (n = 130)
First complaint  
   Burning micturition 73.8%
   Haematuria 20.8%
   Loin pain 3.8%
   Frequency 1.6%
Ultrasound findings  
   Visible growth 99.1
   Bladder stones 8.9%
   Obstructed kidney 77%
IVU findings  
   Visible filling defect 100%
   Obstructed kidney 77.3%
   Normal contrast secretion 82.7%
CT  
   Liver cirrhosisBack pressure on kidneys 20%
   Back pressure on kidneys 80%
Bladder  
   Single lesion 90%
   Multiple lesion 10%
Cystoscopy findings  
   Involved urethra 0%
   Involved bladder neck 6.6%
   Involved ureteral orifice Tumor configuration 13.1%
Solid 91.5%
Papillary 8.5%
Pathological type  
   Well differentiated SCC 43.8%
   Moderately differentiated SCC 20%
   Transitional cell carcinoma 15.4%
   Anaplastic carcinoma 8.5%
   Spindle cell carcinoma 5.4%
   Poorly differentiated SCC 3.8%
   Adenocarcinoma 3.1%
Stage of the tumor  
   T2a 8.6%
   T2b 47.7%
   T3a 7.8%
   T3b 3.1%
   T4a 28.1%
   T4b 4.7%
Lymph node affection  
   Positive 13.3%
   Negative 86.7%