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Table 3 Risk factors of MIBC calculated by stepwise logistic regression:

From: Muscle invasive bladder cancer in Upper Egypt: the shift in risk factors and tumor characteristics

  P-value AOR (95% CI)
Positive family history of bladder cancer P < 0.01 7.7 (2.1–28.4)
Exposure to pesticides P < 0.001 6.2 (3.5–11.3)
Bladder stones P < 0.001 5.0 (2.2–11.4)
Parents' consanguinity P < 0.001 3.9 (2.2–6.7)
Chronic cystitis P < 0.01 3.1 (1.5–6.1)
  1. AOR = adjusted odds ratio, CI = confidence interval.