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Table 2 Functioning, global quality of life, depression, and pain beliefs scores in patients with pain and without pain

From: Depression and quality of life in cancer patients with and without pain: the role of pain beliefs

  Patients with pain (n = 98) Mean (SD) Patients without pain (n = 44) Mean (SD) P
Functioning and global quality of life scores*    
Physical functioning 78.6 (19.7) 82.7 (14.2) 0.21
Role functioning 62.9 (28.3) 81 (20.5) < 0.001
Emotional functioning 60.6 (22.9) 74.6 (17.4) < 0.001
Cognitive functioning 94.7 (14.1) 96.2 (12.3) 0.54
Social functioning 80.9 (23.2) 84.8 (16.4) 0.31
Global quality of life 57.9 (23.6) 72.3 (14.2) < 0.001
Depression score**    
HADS-D 9.2 (3.97) 6.8 (3) < 0.001
Pain beliefs scores***    
Pain permanence -4.45 (2.5) NA  
Self-blame -1.33 (4.6) NA  
Pain consistency -2.71 (3.6) NA  
Mysteriousness 1.92 (3.4) NA  
  1. *. Higher scores indicate a better condition.
  2. ** HADS-D: Depression score derived from the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Higher score indicates a greater symptom.
  3. *** Higher scores indicate more maladaptive beliefs. NA: not applicable.