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Table 2 Rate ratio, with 95% Confidence Interval, for excess mortality by socioeconomic indicator.

From: The association of cancer survival with four socioeconomic indicators: a longitudinal study of the older population of England and Wales 1981–2000

Cancer   Social Class Model Carstairs Score Model Car Access Model Tenure Model
All cancers
N = 26,273
1 1.11 1.09–1.14 1.12 1.10–1.14 1.41 1.34–1.49 1.45 1.38–1.52
  2 1.05 1.02–1.08 1.06 1.04–1.08 1.19 1.13–1.26 1.26 1.20–1.33
All cancers, Male
N = 13,523
1 1.11 1.08–1.14 1.11 1.09–1.14 1.45 1.35–1.55 1.44 1.34–1.53
  2 1.05 1.02–1.08 1.05 1.03–1.08 1.22 1.13–1.32 1.24 1.16–1.34
All cancers, Female
N = 12,750
1 1.10 1.06–1.15 1.12 1.09–1.15 1.34 1.24–1.46 1.42 1.33–1.53
  2 1.04 0.99–1.09 1.07 1.04–1.10 1.14 1.05–1.24 1.27 1.17–1.37
Lung
N = 4,271
1 1.04 1.01–1.08 1.06 1.03–1.09 1.13 1.05–1.22 1.11 1.03–1.19
  2 1.02 0.99–1.06 1.04 1.01–1.08 1.07 0.98–1.17 1.04 0.95–1.12
Oesophagus
N = 608
1 1.12 1.01–1.24 1.07 0.99–1.16 1.21 0.96–1.51 1.14 0.91–1.42
  2 1.11 0.99–1.23 1.06 0.98–1.15 1.10 0.86–1.41 1.06 0.84–1.33
Stomach
N = 1,283
1 0.99 0.92–1.06 1.03 0.97–1.09 1.13 0.96–1.34 1.04 0.89–1.22
  2 0.99 0.90–1.05 1.02 0.96–1.09 1.11 0.93–1.33 0.99 0.83–1.17
Colorectal
N = 3,298
1 1.01 0.94–1.08 1.01 0.96–1.07 1.25 1.08–1.46 1.15 1.00–1.32
  2 0.98 0.91–1.06 0.99 0.94–1.04 1.24 1.05–1.46 1.08 0.93–1.26
Female Breast
N = 3,102
1 0.94 0.84–1.05 1.14 1.06–1.22 1.13 0.91–1.40 1.28 1.06–1.55
  2 0.90 0.80–1.01 1.13 1.05–1.22 0.97 0.77–1.21 1.17 0.95–1.45
Bladder
N = 1,407
1 1.10 0.93–1.30 1.22 1.06–1.40 2.30 1.52–3.48 2.01 1.41–2.87
  2 0.95 0.79–1.15 1.14 0.98–1.32 1.87 1.22–2.88 1.67 1.16–2.42
Prostate
N = 1,714
1 1.02 0.92–1.14 1.09 0.99–1.20 1.25 0.94–1.67 1.14 0.86–1.51
  2 0.99 0.88–1.11 1.07 0.97–1.18 1.14 0.83–1.57 1.02 0.76–1.38
Pancreas
N = 641
1 1.09 0.99–1.21 1.02 0.94–1.09 1.06 0.85–1.33 1.13 0.91–1.41
  2 1.08 0.98–1.20 1.01 0.93–1.09 0.97 0.75–1.25 1.11 0.87–1.42
Leukaemia
N = 446
1 1.07 0.87–1.32 1.09 0.95–1.24 1.25 0.80–1.96 1.58 1.08–2.32
  2 1.05 0.84–1.31 1.05 0.91–1.21 1.08 0.68–1.71 1.42 0.93–2.17
Cervix/Uterus
N = 816
1 0.96 0.76–1.20 1.12 0.97–1.30 1.91 1.29–2.81 1.23 0.85–1.78
  2 0.95 0.75–1.21 1.08 0.92–1.26 1.98 1.24–3.14 0.85 0.55–1.32
Ovary
N = 574
1 1.11 0.98–1.26 1.04 0.96–1.14 1.59 1.23–2.05 1.34 1.05–1.71
  2 1.03 0.90–1.18 0.99 0.91–1.09 1.50 1.14–1.97 1.21 0.93–1.57
  1. Social Class model: Registrar-General's Social Class – six point scale.
  2. Carstairs model: quintiles of Carstairs index – five point scale.
  3. Car Access model: binary indicator of no household access to car/van.
  4. Tenure model: binary indicator of renting accommodation.
  5. Model 1: Socioeconomic indicator controlled for year of follow-up, age group, sex (where appropriate), period of diagnosis, marital status, north/south geographic zone.
  6. Model 2: Model 1, additionally controlled for all other socioeconomic indicators shown.
  7. Results in bold type significant at 5% level or below.
  8. † any malignancy, not restricted to groups listed below
  9. Source: ONS Longitudinal Study