Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean and standard deviation of outcome variables at T0 (baseline), at T1 (after three months), and at T2 (six months)

From: The efficacy of physiotherapy upon shoulder function following axillary dissection in breast cancer, a randomized controlled study

  Intervention group Control group
  (n = 15) (n = 15) (n = 14)
  T0 T1 T2 T0 T1 T2
Outcome Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Functional shoulder impairments (1–5) 3.7 (0.6) 1.7 (0.5) 1.4 (0.8) 2.9 (0.6) 3.1 (0.7) 2.4 (0.6)
VAS for pain (0–10) 4.7 (1.6) 1.3 (1.2) 0.9 (1.1) 4.2 (1.8) 3.7 (1.6) 3.2 (1.8)
Handgrip strength (Kg) 26.0 (7.1) 30.0 (6.3) 30.0 (7.0) 24.7 (10.5) 25.7 (11.1) 26.7 (10.1)
Anteflexion shoulder (0–180°) 121 (23.5) 166 (10.1) 171 (13.5) 133 (24.1) 144 (27.0) 153 (22.7)
Abduction shoulder (0–180°) 96.5 (24.0) 167 (15.2) 170 (13.5) 122 (28.9) 135 (38.8) 144 (34.3)
DASH (0–100) 48.6 (18.6) 18.7 (12.7) 14.6 (10.7) 40.5 (20.3) 28.7 (19.1) 21.6 (12.5)
SIP (0–68) 9.1 (6.8) 5.0 (4.5) 4.4 (4.7) 10.5 (9.1) 10.1 (10.8) 8.0 (8.3)
Volume operated arm (ml) 255 (49.1) 261 (55.9) 268 (54.1) 259 (42.9) 263 (50.5) 272 (48.5)
  1. VAS, Visual Analogue Scale; DASH, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand; SIP, Sickness Impact Profile.