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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the cancer group and comparison group in the two cohorts – percentage ( n ), mean (SD)

From: The impact of a cancer diagnosis on weight change: findings from prospective, population-based cohorts in the UK and the US

  ELSA cohort HRS cohort
  Cancer group Comparison group p Cancer group Comparison group p
  (n= 264) (n= 1538) (n= 2553) (n= 4946)
Demographic characteristics       
  Age (years) 66.33 (8.36) 63.47 (7.95) <.001 67.24 (9.31) 64.08 (7.69) <.001
  Sex       
   Male 51.1% (135) 38.6% (594) <.001 54.2% (1385) 36.8% (1819) <.001
   Female 48.9% (129) 61.4% (944) - 45.8% (1168) 59.6% (2949) -
  Wealth quintile       
   1 (lowest) 14.3% (37) 12.7% (194) .768 16.1% (412) 13.8% (660) .070
   2 17.8% (46) 18.8% (288) - 18.3% (467) 19.3% (918) -
   3 21.3% (55) 20.3% (311) - 21.8% (557) 21.2% (1009) -
   4 19.4% (50) 22.5% (344) - 21.2% (542) 22.4% (1070) -
   5 (highest) 27.1% (70) 25.7% (394) - 22.5% (575) 23.3% (1111) -
Anthropometric characteristics*       
  Weight (kg) 77.23 (14.64) 72.98 (15.04) <.001 79.86 (17.06) 77.73 (16.40) <.001
  Height (cm) 166.44 (8.96) 165.17 (9.08) .035 170.71 (10.00) 168.15 (9.70) <.001
  BMI (kg/m2) 27.87 (4.86) 26.71 (4.97) <.001 27.34 (5.16) 27.39 (4.84) .654
  Weight status       
   Underweight 0.8% (2) 1.0% (15) <.001 1.6% (42) 0.5% (24) <.001
   Normal weight 28.4% (75) 45.6% (702) - 32.6% (832) 33.5% (1658) -
   Overweight 42.0% (111) 31.3% (481) - 40.7% (1038) 40.7% (2015) -
   Obese 28.8% (76) 22.1% (340) - 25.1% (641) 25.3% (1249) -
  1. *Based on measured data in ELSA and self-reported in HRS.
  2. Where percentage (n) is given numbers may not sum to the total sample number, as some items were not answered by all participants. Valid percentages are shown for ease of comparison between groups.