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Table 4 Type of surgical procedure performed in each time period over all patients

From: Multimodal therapy in treatment of rectal cancer is associated with improved survival and reduced local recurrence - a retrospective analysis over two decades

Characteristics 1993-2001 (n=301) 2002. 2010 (n=357) p-value
No. % No. %
Operation      n.s.
Yes 277 92 327 91.6
No 24 8 30 8.4
No 24 8 30 8.4 n.s.
Anterior resection 179 59.5 167 64.1 <0.001
Extirpation 67 22.3 65 18.2 n.s.
Trans anal excision 12 4 27 7.6 n.s.
Other 19 6.3 6 1.7 0.002
TME/PME reported      <0.001
Yes 2 0.7 124 34.7
No 299 99.3 233 65.3
Stoma      0.004
Yes 195 64.8 268 75.1  
No 88 29.2 66 18.5  
Not reported 18 6 23 6.4