Skip to main content

Table 2 Stain – nodule distance and successful localization rates by different characteristics

From: A new technique combining virtual simulation and methylene blue staining for the localization of small peripheral pulmonary lesions

  N Stain – lesion distance (mm) Successful localization, %
   Mean (SD) P Rate (95% CI) P
Left vs right lobes      
 Left 28 5.1 (2.9)   93 (76, 99)  
 Right 52 5.0 (3.2) 0.90 94 (84, 99) 0.81
Upper/middle vs lower      
 Upper/Middle 51 4.1 (2.4)   98 (90, 100)  
 Lower 29 7.0 (3.4) <0.001 86 (68, 96) 0.036
Diagnosis      
 Benign 28 5.4 (2.8)   96 (82, 100)  
 Malignant 52 4.9 (3.3) 0.46 92 (81, 98) 0.47
Lesion size      
 ≤10 mm 42 4.9 (2.7)   93 (81, 99)  
 >10 mm 38 5.2 (3.5) 0.76 95 (82, 99) 0.73
Lesion to pleural distance, mm      
 <10 mm 39 5.1 (2.8)   95 (83, 99)  
 ≥10 mm 41 5.0 (3.4) 0.82 93 (80, 98) 0.69
Age      
 <55 years 35 5.1 (3.0)   95 (82, 99)  
 ≥55 years 40 5.0 (3.2) 0.87 93 (81, 99) 0.77
Sex      
 Male 29 5.9 (2.6)   97 (83, 100)  
 Female 46 4.6 (3.3) 0.074 92 (81, 98) 0.20