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Table 2 Clinical features of patients following division into groups according to DKK-1 serum levels (low vs. high)

From: High serum levels of Dickkopf-1 are associated with a poor prognosis in prostate cancer patients

  Low DKK-1 (n = 40) High DKK-1 (n = 40)  
  Mean ± SD Median Mean ± SD Median p-Value
DKK-1 (pmol/l) 16.18 ± 7.5 14.69 38.44 ± 7.24 38.07 <0.01
Follow up (years) 8.56 ± 2.77 8.28 8.26 ± 3.29 8.9 n.s.
Age (years) 65.03 ± 4.40 64.99 65.27 ± 5.66 64.98 n.s.
PSA (ng/ml) 14.35 ± 13.27 8.88 9.86 ± 8.98 7.21 n.s.
  n (%)   n (%)   p-Value
Tumour staging      n.s.
pT2 17 (21.3%)   18 (22.5%)   
pT3/4 23 (28.8%)   22 (27.5%)   
Gleason score      n.s.
< 7 15 (18.8%)   15 (18.8%)   
= 7 14 (17.5%)   12 (15.0%)   
> 7 11 (13.8%)   13 (16.3%)   
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