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Table 3 Adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI)

From: The structure and demographic correlates of cancer fear

  Cancer as greatest health fear Discomfort thinking about cancer Cancer worry
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Gender       
  Male REF REF REF REF REF REF
  Female 1.34* (1.23-1.50) 1.31* (1.18-1.45) 1.21* (1.09-1.33) 1.15 (1.04-1.27) 1.56* (1.39-1.75) 1.48* (1.33-1.67)
Age       
  < 60 years REF REF REF REF REF REF
  ≥ 60 years 0.92 (0.83-1.01) 0.93 (0.84-1.02) 0.94 (0.85-1.03) 0.95 (0.86-1.05) 0.97 (0.86-1.08) 0.99 (0.88-1.11)
Educational qualifications       
  Yes REF REF REF REF REF REF
  No 1.70* (1.53-1.88) 1.66* (1.49-1.84) 1.49* (1.35-1.65) 1.43* (1.29-1.58) 1.52* (1.34-1.71) 1.40* (1.24-1.59)
Ethnicity       
  White REF REF REF REF REF REF
  Not White 1.30 (1.01-1.66) 1.24 (0.96-1.59) 1.35 (1.06-1.72) 1.24 (0.97-1.59) 2.06* (1.60-2.65) 1.85* (1.43-2.39)
Marital status       
  Married or cohabiting REF REF REF REF REF REF
  Not married or cohabiting 0.95 (0.84-1.06) 0.91 (0.81-1.03) 1.11 (0.99-1.24) 1.05 (0.93-1.17) 1.17 (1.03-1.33) 1.08 (0.95-1.23)
General health       
  Excellent/good - REF - REF - REF
  Fair/poor   1.05 (0.94-1.18)   1.22* (1.09-1.36)   1.50* (1.33-1.70)
Anxiety       
  Low - REF - REF - REF
  High   1.50* (1.35-1.66)   1.82* (1.64-2.02)   2.11* (1.90-2.42)
Nagelkerke R2 .029 .042 .017 .050 .031 .084
  χ 2 (5) = 142.6, p < .001 χ 2 (7) = 206.3, p < .001 χ 2 (5) = 84.3, p < .001 χ 2 (7) = 250.9, p < .001 χ 2 (5) = 138.4, p < .001 χ 2 (7) = 382.4, p < .001
  1. *p < .001.
  2. Abbreviations: REF reference category, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval.
  3. Adjusted ORs and 95% CIs for the demographic predictors only (Model 1), and the demographic predictors combined with general anxiety and general health (Model 2), for each cancer fear indicator.