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Table 1 Associations with demographic factors, health status, and anxiety for each cancer fear indicator*

From: The structure and demographic correlates of cancer fear

Characteristic (n) Whole sample Cancer as greatest health fear Discomfort thinking about cancer Cancer worry
  % % Significance % Significance % Significance
Whole sample (6,527) 100 58.7 - 52.3 - 24.9 -
Gender        
  Male (3,043) 46.6 54.7 χ 2 = 37.88 49.6 χ 2 = 16.84 20.4 χ 2 = 60.66
  Female (3,484) 53.4 62.2 p < .001 54.7 p < .001 28.8 p < .001
Age        
  < 60 years (3,300) 50.6 59.2 χ 2 = 0.83 52.8 χ 2 = 0.48 24.8 χ 2 = 0.001
  ≥ 60 years (3,227) 49.4 58.1 p = .36 51.9 p = .49 24.9 p = .97
Educational qualifications        
  Yes (2,412) 37.0 50.7 χ 2 = 100.99 46.1 χ 2 = 58.81 20.2 χ 2 = 43.97
  No (4,115) 63.0 63.4 p < .001 56.0 p < .001 27.6 p < .001
Ethnicity        
  White (6,242) 95.6 58.5 χ 2 = 1.46 52.1 χ 2 = 3.24 24.3 χ 2 = 24.24
  Not White (285) 4.4 62.1 p = .23 57.5 p = .07 37.2 p < .001
Marital status        
  Married or cohabiting (4,877) 74.7 58.7 χ 2 = 0.01 51.5 χ 2 = 5.32 23.8 χ 2 = 10.73
  Not married or cohabiting (1,650) 25.3 58.5 p = .91 54.8 p < .05 27.9 p < .01
General health        
  Excellent/good (4,591) 70.3 57.3 χ 2 = 11.37 49.6 χ 2 = 46.56 21.3 χ 2 = 102.64
  Fair/poor (1,936) 29.7 61.8 p < .01 58.8 p < .001 33.2 p < .001
Anxiety        
  Low (3,624) 55.5 53.8 χ 2 = 81.05 45.0 χ 2 = 176.87 17.4 χ 2 = 244.14
  High (2,903) 44.4 64.8 p < .001 61.5 p < .001 34.2 p < .001
  1. *Percentages for the cancer fear indicators represent those with higher fear, i.e. those who responded ‘agree’ or ‘strongly agree’.