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Table 6 Underestimation/overestimation of 5-year survival from bowel, breast, ovarian and lung cancer and associations with socio-economic position (SEP) indicators

From: Cancer awareness and socio-economic position: results from a population-based study in Denmark

  Underestimation/overestimation of 5-year survival
  Bowel cancer Breast cancer Ovarian cancer Lung cancer
SEP indicators PRunadj.(95% CI) PR*adj.(95% CI) PRunadj.(95% CI) PR*adj.(95% CI) PRunadj.(95% CI) PR*adj.(95% CI) PRunadj.(95% CI) PR*adj.(95% CI)
Gender         
 Female 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Male 1.02 (0.95-1.08) 1.03 (0.96-1.09) 0.98 (0.91-1.05) 0.97 (0.90-1.05) 1.06 (1.03-1.08) 1.06 (1.03-1.08) 1.06 (1.02-1.09) 1.05 (1.01-1.09)
Age group (years)         
 30-49 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 50-69 0.96 (0.90-1.03) 0.96 (0.89-1.03) 1.03 (0.95-1.11) 1.02 (0.93-1.10) 0.99 (0.97-1.02) 0.99 (0.96-1.01) 1.05 (1.01-1.09) 1.05 (1.00-1.09)
 ≥ 70 0.92 (0.84-1.02) 0.93 (0.83-1.03) 1.15 (1.04-1.28) 1.11 (0.99-1.24) 1.00 (0.97-1.04) 0.99 (0.96-1.03) 1.08 (1.02-1.14) 1.06 (1.01-1.12)
Marital status         
 Married/cohabitating 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Living alone 1.02 (0.95-1.10) 1.03 (0.96-1.11) 1.02 (0.94-1.11) 0.99 (0.91-1.08) 1.01 (0.99-1.04) 1.00 (0.97-1.03) 0.98 (0.94-1.02) 0.97 (0.93-1.02)
Ethnicity         
 Ethnic Danes 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Immigrant/descendant 0.97 (0.82-1.15) 0.98 (0.82-1.17) 1.11 (0.94-1.31) 1.08 (0.90-1.29) 0.95 (0.88-1.02) 0.93 (0.86-1.01) 1.03 (0.94-1.12) 1.02 (0.93-1.12)
Educational level         
 High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Middle 1.03 (0.95-1.10) 1.02 (0.95-1.10) 1.02 (0.94-1.11) 1.02 (0.94-1.11) 1.04 (1.01-1.07) 1.04 (1.01-1.06) 1.01 (0.96-1.05) 1.00 (0.96-1.04)
 Low 1.01 (0.92-1.11) 1.01 (0.92-1.11) 1.08 (0.98-1.19) 1.04 (0.94-1.16) 1.04 (1.01-1.08) 1.03 (1.00-1.07) 1.03 (0.99-1.09) 1.02 (0.97-1.07)
Occupation         
 In the labour force 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Outside the labour force 1.08 (0.96-1.21) 0.99 (0.88-1.12)** 1.15 (1.01-1.31) 1.15 (1.01-1.31)** 0.97 (0.92-1.02) 0.95 (0.90-1.00)** 1.00 (0.93-1.07) 1.00 (0.93-1.07)**
 Retired 0.98 (0.91-1.06) 0.98 (0.88-1.09)** 1.18 (1.09-1.27) 1.12 (0.99-1.26)** 0.98 (0.95-1.01) 1.00 (0.97-1.02)** 1.04 (1.00-1.08) 0.98 (0.92-1.03)**
OECD-modified household income         
 High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Middle 1.12 (1.04-1.21) 1.12 (1.04-1.21)** 1.00 (0.92-1.08) 1.00 (0.92-1.09)** 1.02 (0.99-1.05) 1.02 (0.93-1.12)** 1.00 (0.96-1.04) 1.00 (0.96-1.04)**
 Low 1.16 (1.03-1.30) 1.18 (1.05-1.33)** 1.12 (0.99-1.26) 1.08 (0.95-1.23)** 1.02 (0.97-1.06) 1.02 (0.88-1.19)** 0.99 (0.92-1.05) 0.98 (0.91-1.04)**
Cancer diagnosis within 10 years         
 Yes 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 No 1.04 (0.92-1.16) 1.00 (0.89-1.13) 0.90 (0.80-1.01) 0.94 (0.83-1.06) 0.99 (0.95-1.03) 0.99 (0.95-1.04) 0.99 (0.93-1.05) 0.99 (0.93-1.06)
Close relative(s) with cancer         
 Yes 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 No 0.91 (0.83-0.98) 0.91 (0.83-0.99) 1.07 (0.99-1.16) 1.07 (0.98-1.16) 1.00 (0.97-1.03) 1.00 (0.97-1.02) 1.01 (0.97-1.06) 1.00 (0.96-1.04)
Self-rated health         
 Good 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Fair/poor 1.05 (0.97-1.13) 1.04 (0.97-1.13) 0.98 (0.90-1.07) 0.97 (0.89-1.06) 1.02 (0.99-1.05) 1.01 (0.98-1.03) 1.01 (0.97-1.05) 1.01 (0.97-1.05)
  1. Note: Prevalence ratios (PR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Numbers in bold are significant results.
  2. *Adjusted for gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, educational level, cancer diagnosis within the past 10 years, close relative(s) with cancer and self-rated health.
  3. **Not adjusted for educational level due to intermediary associations between the variables.