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Table 4 Recognition of less than nine risk factors for cancer and associations with socio-economic position (SEP) indicators

From: Cancer awareness and socio-economic position: results from a population-based study in Denmark

  Awareness of <9 risk factors for cancer
SEP indicators PRunadj.(95% CI) PR*adj.(95% CI)
Gender   
 Female 1.00 1.00
 Male 1.13 (1.05-1.21) 1.10 (1.02-1.18)
Age group (years)   
 30-49 1.00 1.00
 50-69 1.16 (1.07-1.27) 1.11 (1.02-1.21)
 ≥ 70 1.36 (1.23-1.51) 1.23 (1.10-1.37)
Marital status   
 Married/cohabiting 1.00 1.00
 Living alone 1.12 (1.04-1.22) 1.05 (0.96-1.14)
Ethnicity   
 Ethnic Danes 1.00 1.00
 Immigrant/descendant 1.14 (0.97-1.35) 1.09 (0.91-1.30)
Educational level   
 High 1.00 1.00
 Middle 1.40 (1.27-1.54) 1.35 (1.22-1.48)
 Low 1.53 (1.38-1.70) 1.40 (1.26-1.57)
Occupation   
 In the labour force 1.00 1.00
 Outside the labour force 1.25 (1.11-1.42) 1.17 (1.02-1.33)**
 Retired 1.29 (1.20-1.40) 1.13 (1.01-1.28)**
OECD-modified household income   
 High 1.00 1.00
 Middle 1.19 (1.08-1.31) 1.19 (1.07-1.33)**
 Low 1.38 (1.22-1.56) 1.33 (1.15-1.54)**
Cancer diagnosis within 10 years   
 Yes 1.00 1.00
 No 1.02 (0.89-1.17) 1.06 (0.93-1.21)
Close relative(s) with cancer   
 Yes 1.00 1.00
 No 0.98 (0.89-1.07) 0.94 (0.86-1.03)
Self-rated health   
 Good 1.00 1.00
 Fair/poor 1.15 (1.06-1.25) 1.06 (0.98-1.16)
  1. Note: Prevalence ratios (PR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Numbers in bold are significant results.
  2. *Adjusted for gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, educational level, cancer diagnosis within the past 10 years, close relative(s) with cancer and self-rated health.
  3. **Not adjusted for educational level due to intermediary associations between the variables.