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Table 2 Univariate analyses of survival in patients with middle ear cancer

From: Prognostic models to predict overall and cause-specific survival for patients with middle ear cancer: a population-based analysis

  Overall survival Cause-specific survival
Covariate HR 95% CI P-value HR 95% CI P-value
Age (70:45) 2.50 1.86-3.35 <0.001* 2.17 1.53-3.08 <0.001*
Sex       
  Male 1    1   
  Female 1.13 0.81-1.57 0.46 1.27 0.85-1.90 0.24
Race       
  White 1    1   
  Non White 1.10 0.73-1.64 0.66 0.86 0.51-1.45 0.56
Year of diagnosis (2000:1990) 0.82 0.65-1.02 0.08 0.72 0.56-0.93 0.01*
Stage       
  Localized 1    1   
  Regional 2.38 1.52-3.73 <0.001* 3.99 2.04-7.81 <0.001*
  Distant 3.80 2.25-6.41 <0.001* 6.46 3.10-13.50 <0.001*
Histological type       
  Squamous cell carcinoma 1    1   
  Adenocarcinoma 0.24 0.13-0.44 <0.001* 0.20 0.09-0.45 <0.001*
  Others 0.34 0.23-0.52 <0.001* 0.31 0.18-0.53 <0.001*
Surgery       
  No surgery 1    1   
  Surgery 0.59 0.40-0.86 0.01* 0.61 0.39-0.96 0.03*
Radiation       
  No 1    1   
  Yes 2.51 1.75-3.58 <0.001* 3.55 2.22-5.69 <0.001*
  1. Abbreviations: HR Hazard Ratio, CI Confidence Interval.
  2. *P <0.05.