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Table 4 International comparison of PAF (%) of cancer deaths for tobacco smoking

From: Attributable fraction of tobacco smoking on cancer using population-based nationwide cancer incidence and mortality data in Korea

Cancer site (ICD-10 ) Republic of Korea Japan [7] China [8] France [5] United Kingdom [6]
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF
Oral Cavity (C00-C09) 3.3 62.0 3.3 8.2 2.4 50.0 1.8 8.5 1.5b 24.6 1.5a 2.8 4.2 63.1 1.6 17.0 10.9 70 5.1 55
Pharynx (C10-C14) 6.8 76.0 3.3 44.1
Esophagus (C15) 2.6 54.8 0.9 0.2 3.0 58.9 2.4 14.7 1.3c 17.9 1.3a 1.9 2.5 51.1 2.3 34.4 6.8 63 7.8 71
Stomach (C16) 1.6 31.6 1.0 0.2 1.4 23.5 1.3 3.4 1.7c 30.9 1.7a 3.8 1.7 31.1 1.5 14.3 2.2 26 1.5 15
Colorectum (C18-C20) 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.4 1.4 20.4 1.4 4.5          1.24 7 1.3 10
Liver (C22) 1.4 23.5 2.6 6.1 1.7 35.1 1.6 6.8 1.4b 18.7 1.2b 1.0 1.9 37.5 1.5 17.1 2.3 27 1.5 15
Pancreas (C25) 1.5 26.8 1.1 0.4 1.4 23.9 1.9 9.5 1.9c 35.5 1.9a 4.6 1.6 24.9 1.6d 17.0 2.2 26 2.2 31
Larynx (C32) 4.5 71.9 3.6 9.2 4.5 71.9 4.5 30.1 1.5b 24.6 1.5a 2.8 5.2 75.9 5.2d 64.8 14.6 79 13 79
Lung (C33-C34) 4.4 71.5 3.2 8.1 3.6 67.5 3.6 23.9 5.7c 75.0 5.0c 18.4 9.9 83.0 7.6 69.2 21.3 87 12.5 84
Cervix (C53) - - 1.8 3.1 - - 2.0 10.9 - - 1.8e 4.5 - - 1.8 22.9 - - 1.5 7
Ovary (C56) - - 2.1 4.0 - - 0.9 -          - - 2.1 3
Kidney (C64) 1.1 6.6 1.1 2.3 1.5 27.9 0.9 -      1.6 26.4 1.4 11.5 2.5g 29g 1.5g 15g
Bladder (C67) 2.1 44.9 2.0 3.8 4.3f 70.7f 1.3f 3.6f 1.9b 36.8 1.7b 3.6 2.8 52.8 2.7 39.3 3 38 2.4 34
Myeloid leukemia (C92) - - - - 1.7 33.5 1.0 -          1.9 19 1.2 6
Prevalence (%) 70.8 (11.7)h 3.9 (0.3)h 53.1 (19.8)i 9.7 (2.6)i 64.0j 5.6j 48.2k 30.4k 22l 21l
% of all cancers 32.9 5.2 34.4 6.2 32.7 5.0 33.4 9.6 23.0 15.6
  1. aReplaced by men’s RR.
  2. bRR of cancer mortality associated with smoking. SE for RR (not 95% CI) is provided in Liu’s retrospective proportional mortality study (involving cancer of oral cavity, pharynx and larynx).
  3. cRR of cancer incidence associated with smoking.
  4. dWhen RRs for women were higher than for men or when no RR was estimable for women, the RR for men was used instead.
  5. eRR not derived from Chinese studies.
  6. fRenal pelvis, Ureter, Bladder (C65-68).
  7. gKidney and renal pelvis.
  8. hPrevalence data for 1989 derived from the Korea National Health Examination Survey, current smoker’s prevalence and parenthesis represent former smoker’s prevalence.
  9. iPrevalence data for 1990 derived from the National Nutrition Survey, current smoker’s prevalence and parenthesis represent former smoker’s prevalence.
  10. jPrevalence data for ever-smoking and involuntary smoking of 1990 was estimated by linear interpolation using the results of these two national surveys.
  11. kPrevalence data for 1985 were estimated by linear interpolation using results of surveys conducted in 1983 and 1986 (current smoker).
  12. lPrevalence data for 2008 derived from General Lifestyle Survey 2008/ONS 2010 (current smoker).