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Table 3 Construct validity in the student sample

From: Development of a scale to assess cancer stigma in the non-patient population

  Severity Personal responsibility Awkwardness Avoidance Policy opposition Financial discrimination
Sex       
 Male 2.78 1.88 2.60 1.55 2.26 2.47
 Female 2.84 1.71 2.64 1.41 1.85 2.01
 t-test (p value) -0.60 (.552) 2.02 (.044) -0.38 (.704) 2.31 (.022) 4.51 (<.001) 3.58 (<.001)
Age       
 20-29 years 2.82 1.82 2.72 1.47 1.98 2.20
 30+ years 2.82 1.62 2.42 1.39 1.93 2.02
 t-test (p value) -0.01 (.992) 2.68 (.008) 3.10 (.002) 1.51 (.132) 0.58 (.561) 1.49 (.137)
Subject studied       
 Life sciences/medical 2.74 1.74 2.46 1.40 1.95 1.11
 Other 2.89 1.77 2.75 1.49 1.98 1.18
 t-test (p value) -1.55 (.121) -0.41 (.683) -3.08 (.002) -1.82 (.069) 0.36 (.716) -0.49 (.624)
Belief that lifestyle is cause       
 No 2.83 1.65 2.62 1.45 2.00 2.12
 Yes 2.81 1.95 2.64 1.45 1.90 2.17
 t-test (p value) 0.22 (.826) -3.76 (<.001) -0.20 (.838) -0.14 (.886) 1.40 (.163) -0.40 (.692)
Ever been around a person with cancer       
 Yes 2.81 1.71 2.59 1.43 1.94 2.13
 No 2.88 2.00 2.85 1.56 2.08 2.23
 t-test (p value) -.58 (.563) -2.81 (.005) -2.15 (.032) -1.91 (.057) 1.40 (.163) -0.66 (.511)
Social desirability       
 Low score (0–5) 2.83 1.79 2.66 1.50 2.01 2.26
 High score (6–10) 2.81 1.73 2.59 1.40 1.91 2.01
 t-test (p value) 0.22 (.827) 0.85 (.397) 0.83 (.409) 2.09 (.037) 1.43 (.154) 2.22 (.027)