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Table 1 Characteristics of employed cancer survivors*

From: Factors associated with work disability in employed cancer survivors at 24-month sick leave

Socio-demographics Categories n (%) Disability (<80%; ≥80%) p-value
n (%); n (%)
Gender Male 125 (36) 68 (54); 57 (46) 0.870
  Female 226 (64) 125 (55); 101 (45)  
Age in years < 52 163 (46) 98 (60); 65 (40) 0.072
  ≥ 52 188 (54) 95 (50); 93 (50)  
Marital status Single 35 (10) 22 (63); 13 (37) 0.413
  Married/living with partner 278 (79) 153 (55); 125 (45)  
  Divorced/widowed 38 (11) 18 (47); 20 (53)  
No. of children None 90 (26) 55 (61); 35 (39) 0.576
  1 46 (13) 24 (52); 22 (48)  
  2 139 (40) 75 (54); 64 (46)  
  > 2 76 (21) 39 (51); 37 (49)  
Principal wage earner Yes 193 (55) 109 (56); 84 (44) 0.465
  No 156 (45) 82 (53); 74 (47)  
Nationality Dutch 340 (97) 184 (54); 156 (46) 0.069
  Non-Dutch 11 (3) 9 (82); 2 (18)  
Education None/ primary/lower vocational 91 (26) 49 (54); 42 (46) 0.102
  Secondary school 60 (17) 25 (42); 35 (58)  
  Vocat. education/upper sec. school 105 (30) 63 (60); 42 (40)  
  Upper vocat. education/university 94 (27) 56 (60); 38 (40)  
Health determinants     
Tumor type Mamma 143 (40) 93 (65); 50 (35) 0.024
  Urinary tract 20 (6) 11 (55); 9 (45)  
  Urogenital (m) 11 (3) 5 (46); 6 (54)  
  Urogenital (f) 17 (5) 10 (59); 7 (41)  
  Respiratory tract 24 (7) 6 (25); 18 (75)  
  Digestive system 45 (13) 21 (47); 24 (53)  
  Head and neck 18 (5) 12 (67); 6 (33)  
  Haematological 50 (14) 25 (50); 25 (50)  
  Central nerve system 10 (3) 4 (40); 6 (60)  
  Other 13 (4) 6 (42); 7 (58)  
Extensive disease Negative lymph nodes 180 (52) 103 (57); 77 (43) 0.001
  Positive lymph nodes 116 (34) 72 (62); 44 (38)  
  Metastasis 50 (14) 16 (32); 34 (68)  
Treatment modalities Surgery      yes 242 (69) 141 (58); 101 (42) 0.066
           no 109 (31) 52 (48); 57 (52)  
  Radiotherapy    yes 210 (60) 114 (54); 96 (46) 0.748
           no 141 (40) 79 (56); 62 (44)  
  Chemotherapy   yes 253 (72) 134 (53); 119 (47) 0.221
           no 98 (28) 59 (60); 39 (40)  
  Hormone therapy  yes 107 (30) 69 (65); 38 (35) 0.018
           no 244 (70) 124 (51); 120 (49)  
  Bone marrow transplant yes 19 (6) 6 (32); 13 (68) 0.035
             no 332 (94) 187 (56); 145 (44)  
  Immunotherapy    yes 31 (9) 18 (58); 13 (42) 0.718
             no 320 (91) 175 (55); 145 (45)  
Being free of disease Yes 147 (42) 99 (67); 48 (33) 0.000
  No 106 ( 31) 42 (40); 64 (60)  
  Don’t know 94 (27) 48 (51); 46 (49)  
Comorbidity No. of additional diseases 0 195 (56) 112 (58); 83 (52) 0.324
  No. of additional diseases 1 51 (14) 31 (61); 20 (39)  
  No. of additional diseases 2 52 (15) 25 (48); 27 (52)  
  No. of additional diseases ≥ 3 53 (15) 25 (47); 28 (53)  
Work-related determinants     
Type of job White collar 102 (29) 59 (58); 43 (52) 0.459
  Civil servant 33 (9) 15 (45); 18 (55)  
  Blue collar 139 (40) 73 (53); 66 (47)  
  Health care worker 77 (22) 46 (60); 31 (40)  
Job tenure in years ≤ 10 173 (49) 97 (56); 76 (44) 0.687
  > 10 178 (51) 96 (54); 82 (46)  
Working hours a week ≤ 32 177 (50) 90 (51); 87 (49) 0.116
  > 32 174 (50) 103 (59); 71 (41)  
Shift work Yes 115 (33) 67 (58); 48 (42) 0.371
  No 235 (67) 125 (53); 110 (47)  
Managerial tasks Yes 70 (20) 41 (59); 29 (41) 0.488
  No 278 (80) 150 (54); 128 (46)  
No. of supervised co-workers ≤ 7 35 (50) 18 (51); 17 (49) 0.225
  > 7 35 (50) 23 (66); 12 (34)  
Work demands Psychological and physical 168 (48) 93 (55); 75 (45) 0.084
  Psychological 106 (30) 65 (61); 41 (39)  
  Physical 76 (22) 34 (45); 42 (55)  
Company size No. of employees 1-9 37 (10) 21 (57); 16 (43) 0.379
  No. of employees 10-99 104 (30) 51 (49); 53 (51)  
  No. of employees ≥ 100 208 (60) 119 (57); 89 (43)  
Work ability expectations Same 40 (17) 36 (90); 4 (10) 0.000
  Increase 79 (35) 64 (81); 15 (19)  
  Decrease 31 (13) 15 (48); 16 (52)  
  Don’t know 81 (35) 58 (72); 23 (28)  
Work status Working 141 (40) 122 (87); 19 (13) 0.000
  Not working 210 (60) 71 (34); 139 (66)  
Actual working hours per week ≤ 20 79 (56) 64 (81); 15 (19) 0.030
  > 20 62 (44) 58 (94); 4 (6)  
  1. *Due to missing data n varies (range: 70–351); p-value: result of Chi-square test, univariate associations between independent variables and work disability.
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