Skip to main content


Figure 2 | BMC Cancer

Figure 2

From: Optimisation of an immunohistochemistry method for the determination of androgen receptor expression levels in circulating tumour cells

Figure 2

Characterisation of inter-operator variability in AR staining intensity by IHC in CTC harvested from patient samples by ISET. ISET membrane spots obtained after filtration of a number of different patient blood samples were stained by IHC for AR expression and presented blindly to two different analysts to both enumerate the CTC and score the staining intensity. Results were then analysed by a modification of ISR where the staining intensities obtained by each operator were substituted into the calculations. β-Content γ-confidence tolerance intervals (±) were calculated at β = 95% and 67% and the resulting accuracy profiles plotted. These revealed a systematic bias characterised by one operator favouring a score of 2 ++ over another favouring 3 +++.

Back to article page