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Table 4 Preliminary analysis of risk factors for anticipated delay

From: Ovarian cancer symptom awareness and anticipated delayed presentation in a population sample

  <3 weeks >3 weeks   <3 weeks >3 weeks  
  (n = 898) (n = 108)   (n = 894) (n = 100)  
    Unadjusted   Statistic   Adjusted1   Statistic
Age groups n (%)       
  50-59 years 287 (84) 53 (16) χ2 (2) = 13.36, p = 0.01** 299 (86) 48 (14) χ2 (2) = 9.20, p = 0.01**
  60-69 years 337 (90) 36 (10)   265 (90) 28 (10)  
  70+ years 266 (93) 19 (7)   322 (93) 24 (7)  
Ethnic background n (%)       
  White ethnicity 888 (89) 106 (11) ^ 884 (90) 97 (10) ^
  Other ethnicity 9 (82) 2 (18)   9 (75) 3 (25)  
Relationship status n (%)       
  Married or cohabiting 450 (90) 49 (10) χ2 (1) = 0.74, p = 0.39 498 (91) 52 (10) χ2 (1) = 0.39, p = 0.53
  Not married or cohabiting 445 (88) 59 (12)   394 (89) 48 (11)  
Education n (%)       
  Up to 16 years 502 (92) 46 (8) χ2 (2) = 18.59, p = 0.000*** 613 (92) 52 (8) χ2 (2) = 25.75, p = 0.000***
  Secondary 223 (90) 24 (10)   135 (91) 14 (9)  
  Degree and above 152 (80) 37 (20)   125 (79) 34 (21)  
Socioeconomic status       
  First quartile (most deprived) 156 (91) 15 (9) χ2 (3) = 3.75, p = 0.29 176 (92) 16 (8) χ2 (3) = 6.73, p = 0.08
  Second quartile 215 (91) 21 (9)   219 (93) 16 (7)  
  Third quartile 207 (92) 18 (8)   198 (90) 22 (10)  
  Fourth quartile (least deprived) 211 (87) 31 (13)   181 (86) 29 (14)  
Experience of ovarian cancer n (%)       
  Experience of ovarian cancer 201 (87) 29 (13) χ2 (1) = 1.02, p = 0.31 191 (88) 26 (12) χ2 (1) = 1.05, p = 0.31
  No experience of ovarian cancer 694 (90) 77 (10)   699 (91) 72 (9)  
Ovarian cancer worry m (sd) 1.31 (0.32) 1.28 (0.27) t (1002) = 0.94, p = 0.35 1.31 (0.33) 1.24 (0.24) t (991) = 1.99, p = 0.05*
Health beliefs m (sd)       
  Perceived susceptibility 2.43 (0.95) 2.29 (0.97) t (913) = 1.43, p = 0.15 2.38 (0.98) 2.23 (0.93) t (896) = 1.48, p = 0.14
  Perceived benefits 17.29 (2.27) 17.11 (2.42) t (846) = 0.74, p = 0.46 17.24 (2.33) 16.96 (2.65) t (808) = 1.07, p = 0.29
  Perceived emotional barriers 4.67 (1.25) 5.43 (1.94) t (989) = −3.96, p = 0.000*** 4.72 (1.30) 5.67 (2.11) t (976) = −4.32, p = 0.000***
  Perceived practical barriers 3.39 (0.86) 4.40 (1.61) t (1000) = −6.38, p = 0.000*** 3.42 (0.92) 4.50 (1.67) t (989) = −6.58, p = 0.000***
  Confidence in symptom detection 2.44 (0.91) 1.86 (0.76) t (980) = 7.30, p = 0.000*** 2.46 (0.93) 1.77 (0.70) t (959) = 8.89, p = 0.000***
  1. *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p ≤ .001, ^ sample size not large enough in some cells to conduct statistical tests.
  2. χ2 = chi square test, t = independent t test.
  3. 1 Adjusted for sample non-representativeness in age, education, region, and relationship status.